Today's news

Today’s important articles/news in various newspapers (23rd June)

Dear aspirants, following are the links of various articles taken from various newspapers. Click the link to read further. To get notification, follow the blog. Thank you!

1- Debunking myths about the cattle rules

The new rules governing cattle markets only attempt to prevent cruelty.

2- Rebooting Indian IT industry

Indian IT companies, led by TCS, Infosys and Wpro, need to accelerate change and address internal structural issues if they want the IT industry to remain future-proof.

Link it with GS Paper 3 (Indian Economy)

3- Terror, Virtually
In the aftermath of the London Bridge attack, British Prime Minster Theresa May called for a clamp down on internet companies which she held responsible for providing a safe space for extremist propaganda.

Link it with GS Paper 3 (Internal security)

Q- What is virtual terrorism ? How should the world respond to this unconventional war?

4- Missing a strategic culture

Q- External threats to India’s security persist but more worrisome are vulnerabilities on new fronts. Explain

5- Are farm loan waivers really so bad?

In recent months, the pink press has gone to town against a series of announcements by various state governments declaring their intent to waive farm loans to varying extents. It all began with the new chief minister of Uttar Pradesh (UP), Yogi Adityanath, making this his first substantive economic announcement, in keeping with his party’s manifesto, although there was no overt demand from UP farmers then.

Q- The Centre and states need to work together to evolve a farm loan model which protects both farmers and banks without bringing politics into it. Comment

6- The End of the Left and the Right as We Knew Them

Link it with Essay part.

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Today's news

Today’s important articles/news in various newspapers (22nd June)

Dear aspirants, following are the links of various articles taken from various newspapers. Click the link to read further. To get notification, follow the blog. Thank you!

1- A moment for realism

When Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Donald Trump shake hands and perhaps embrace each other next week, the mandatory encomiums about India and U.S. being the world’s largest and oldest democracies, respectively, would have a sombre undertone to them. Both these democracies are passing through testing times.

Q- The India-U.S. partnership has inherent reasons to survive. Explain.

2- The high cost of ageing

The National Health Policy (NHP), 2017, is long on banalities and short on specifics. In a somewhat glaring omission, little has been said about the rapid rise in the share of the old — i.e. 60 years or more — and associated morbidities, especially sharply rising non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and disabilities.

Q- Along with expansion of old age pension and health insurance, and public spending on programmes targeted to the health care of the old, careful attention must be given to reorient health systems to accommodate the needs of old age people. Comment

3- Mental health and the university

The Mental Healthcare Act was approved recently by Parliament. From now on, stigmatising a mentally ill person, and denying him or her the wherewithal for treatment will be illegal. As a teacher, I am interested in a special provision in the Act where public institutions such as universities are urged to treat mental health as a valuable public good in its own right.

4- Jailing a judge

Justice Karnan’s imprisonment should have been avoided to keep the judiciary’s dignity.

Q- What is the impeachment process of Judges of SC and HC?

Link it with GS Paper 2(Judiciary)

5- Too much profit?

Businesses that receive the benefit of paying lower taxes under the new goods and services tax (GST) regime can’t keep it with them. Instead, according to the GST Act, they must pass it on to consumers by reducing the price of the products they sell.

Link it with GS Paper 3 (Indian Economy)

6- Sabarmati Ashram: A century witnessed

The Ashram tells us about one man’s dedication, determination and ideals but also reminds us of the road we still need to traverse in order to realise Gandhiji’s dream of an India free from injustice.

Link it with GS Paper 1 (Modern Indian History)

7- Don’t Obsess About Numbers

It’s time policymakers outlined a coherent growth path for the economy.

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Today's news

Today’s important articles/news in various newspapers (21st June)

Dear aspirants, following are the links of various articles taken from various newspapers. Click the link to read further. To get notification, follow the blog. Thank you!

1- KCR launches ambitious sheep distribution scheme

Chief Minister K. Chandrasekhar Rao on Tuesday launched the sheep distribution scheme, one of the flagship programmes of the State government.

Link it with GS Paper 3 (animal husbandry)

2- Bringing GM to the table

The question of whether India should allow commercial production of GM crops has been one of the more enduring public policy debates over the last decade-and-a-half.

Q- What is meant by GM food? List out reasons for its opposition and how will it help in India’s food security program.

3- ‘We have to keep the door open for possibilities’

Read interview to know the views.

4- Farm debt waiver could hurt Punjab most: report

Punjab, which became the latest State to announce a farm loan waiver scheme on Monday, is most vulnerable to a fiscal shock from such debt write-offs along with three other States, while Uttar Pradesh could also overshoot its fiscal deficit goals on the same account, a research report by JM Financial said.

5- The invisible women farmers

An ex-company executive-cum-economist turns to the anchor during a discussion on the farmers’ agitation. “Overpopulation is destroying the farming activity. There are simply too many mouths to feed and the farms are shrinking.

Q- What is feminisation of agriculture? Examine the contribution of women in agriculture.

6- Putting philanthropy to work in India

Last week, Amazon founder and chief executive officer Jeff Bezos tweeted a request for ideas on philanthropic strategy. He noted that much of his work—through Amazon and The Washington Post, for example—was designed for impact in the long term. But for his philanthropic activities, he was interested in working at the intersection of urgent need and lasting impact.

Link it to the Essay paper.

7- India’s money illusion problem

The recent farmer protests in some parts of the country throw fresh light on an old economic problem. People think in nominal rather than real terms. Price changes matter. The paradox of farmer protests when farm output is at record levels is less puzzling once we take falling food prices into account.

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Today's news

Today’s important articles/news in various newspapers (20th June)

Dear aspirants, following are the links of various articles taken from various newspapers. Click the link to read further. To get notification, follow the blog. Thank you!

1- Legislation and legality

In the Aadhaar-PAN case, the Supreme Court has effectively held that policy goals override rights.

Q- What is judicial review? Write the difference between the doctrine of procedure established by law and due process of law.

2- Presidential election 2017: How are the votes calculated?

The electoral college comprises elected Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha MPs and elected members of the 31 legislative assemblies.

Caution: In article, author has mentioned “electoral college comprises all Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha MPs and all the members of the 31 legislative assemblies”. Its incorrect.

3- Lessons for investigating terror

Governments and police forces have their roles cut out. But what about the citizenry? Is it not the responsibility of the private sector and volunteer groups to prepare for the worst-case scenario without waiting for an actual disaster to occur?

Link it with GS Paper 3 (Internal security)

4- Ideas and ivory towers

The Indian readymade garments industry has been a vital enabler of our export trade. Each year it exports to the West, ready-to-wear apparel worth several billion dollars. Trade analysts, in the recent past, have been quite gung-ho about this sector’s prospects.

Q- What is knowledge economy?

5- Raja Mandala: India, US, and an East-of-Suez moment

The effort to construct an India-US strategic partnership in the last two decades was based on the assumption that the American unipolar moment will endure.

Link it with GS Paper 2 (Indo-US)

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Uncategorized

Today’s important articles/news in various newspapers (19th June)

Dear aspirants, following are the links of various articles taken from various newspapers. Click the link to read further. To get notification, follow the blog. Thank you!

1- New playground for non-state actors

Hidden terror was, till now, believed to be confined mainly to the less developed regions of the world — the 9/11 attack in the U.S. was seen as an aberration, or exception, rather than the rule in this respect.

Q- The Internet has become a dangerous ‘plaything’ in the hands of the many of the new-era terror outfits. Comment

Link it with GS Paper 3 (Internal security)

2- A quantum step to a great wall for encryption

Quantum mechanics (QM) is the dark arts of physics. Though physics — in the Newtonian mould — tells us how every object will precisely behave when pushed and hurled, QM deals with the invisible world of subatomic particles, where counter-intuitive rules apply.

Q- What are quantum mechanics’ cardinal principles ? Mention some applications of quantum mechanics in daily life.

Link it with GS Paper 3 (S&T)

3- Contest vs. consensus

The latter should be the default approachfor selecting a presidential candidate.

4- Why you don’t feel the record-low inflation

A CPI inflation rate below 2.5% is a once-in-a-blue-moon occurrence in India. Looking back at the history of the CPI – Industrial Workers (the older avatar of the index which has a longer history), we find that India has registered CPI inflation of less than 2.5% only in 12 months in 20 years.

5- Success, the ‘ZED’ way

While the ‘Make in India’ program has been incessantly analysed by economic commentators, the relatively less talked about the initiative is the effort to align with “zero defect, zero effect” (ZED). The ZED focus of the program is not only the most arduous to achieve but also most durable in its impact on overall competitiveness.

6- China includes CPEC in Tibet expedition

China has included the controversial $50 billion China Pakistan Economic Corridor in its second scientific expedition to the 4,000-metre-high Qinghai-Tibet plateau to study changes in climate and environment over the past decades in the region.

7- Modi comes out of the closet with Israel

As the first Indian prime minister to visit Israel, Modi shows he is ready to break with the past and de-hyphenate the relationship with Palestine

Link it with GS Paper 2 (IR)

8- From Plate to plough: Why bumper harvests spell doom

With a glut in agricultural production, prices have fallen below MSPs. The government needs to get the agri-market right to address the farm crisis.

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Today's news

Today’s important articles/news in various newspapers (17th June)

Dear aspirants, following are the links of various articles taken from various newspapers. Click the link to read further. To get notification, follow the blog. Thank you!

1- Infiltration, best countered

At the best of times, it is difficult to make sense of events in Kashmir as these go from street turbulence and stone-throwing to LoC duels and attempts at infiltration. The last two weeks have witnessed infiltration bids all along the LoC in the Valley zone — in fact, more than I can remember anytime in recent years. The Jammu region is quiet in comparison, with a few exchanges of fire across the LoC in Naushera and Krishna Ghati.

Q- Counter-infiltration is one of the most difficult operations. Enumerate the strategy India should follow to prevent infiltration.

2- Undoing the gains

The viral of farm loan waivers is acquiring epidemic proportions. In some ways it is a competitive race to the bottom. This is notwithstanding serious concerns that this can scarcely address the distress of the farming community.

Q- What is fiscal deficit? Macroeconomic stability is contingent on the fiscal position of the general government. How to maintain fiscal prudence?

3- Access to excellence

Read this to mention in Essay paper.

Q- We have failed to provide institutions of excellence for everyone, for people to enjoy growing up in India. Comment

4- Deep-sea dive

Reliance Industries’ and BP’s joint investment of Rs. 40,000 crore in the KG-D6 gas block has important implications for the oil, gas and renewable energy sectors in terms of technological development, supply line infrastructure and pricing policy.

Link it with GS paper 1 (Location of Industries and resources)

5- Digital economy: policy push on anvil

The Centre will soon introduce a slew of policies, including a revamped one on electronics manufacturing and a data protection policy, to achieve the aim of making India a trillion dollar digital economy, Electronics and IT Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad said

Link it with GS Paper 3

6- Why China’s growing footprint in Nepal is a concern for India

Sher Bahadur Deuba has been elected Prime Minister of Nepal at an especially fragile time in the life of the 11-year-old Himalayan republic. Two years after the majority Madhesi population in the Terai blocked several trading points along the southern border with India, there remains deep-seated resentment in large parts of Nepal against the Kathmandu elite.

Link it with GS Paper 2 (India and its neighborhood)

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Today's news

Today’s important articles/news in various newspapers (15th June)

Dear aspirants, following are the links of various articles taken from various newspapers. Click the link to read further. To get notification, follow the blog. Thank you!

1- CPEC: the need for a second look by India

Most narratives on the subject published in India stress that as the proposed China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) traverses through Indian sovereign territory in Gilgit-Baltistan (GB) which is a part of Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK), India is well within its rights to refuse any participation.

Q-CPEC is a net geo-strategic power addition to the formidable Sino-Pakistan nexus as it exists today. Enumerate solutions which India needs to take to counter this formidable nexus.

2- Qatar’s isolation

The recent diplomatic rift between Qatar and other Arab states — like Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, UAE and Egypt — has again highlighted the geopolitical significance of the region beyond the oil factor.

Q- Examine how the rift between Qatar and other Arab nations can impact India’s interest in long run and short run.

3- Solutions beyond farm loan waivers

Q- Farm loan waivers might help the government quell the farmers protests, but they are unlikely to change much on the ground in the long run. Discuss

4- More than a residual problem

The primary thrust of the 1981 Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act is on industrial and automobile-related pollution. But this doesn’t mean it can’t be used to curb the burning of biomass and crop residue. Indeed, in December 2015, the Ministry of Environment and Forests used Section 18(1)(b) of this legislation to issue directions for Delhi and NCR (National Capital Region), covering the burning of agricultural waste, crop residues and biomass.

Q- Economics is still loaded in favour of farmers burning crop residue. Subsidizing farmers to use better technologies may be a solution. Comment

5- Leaning On The Law

Constitutional evaluation of laws is tricky business. It stands in stark contrast to terming a law or rule as being desirable or undesirable, though it is possible that an undesirable law is also unconstitutional.

Q- Mention the constitutional position related with ban on livestock slaughter and how would it impact Indian primary industry.

6- WPI inflation slows to 2.17%

Wholesale inflation slowed sharply in May to 2.17% from 3.85% in April, as food prices eased — an indication that farm incomes continue to be depressed.

7- India aims to lift ‘doing business’ ranking

Nation was ranked 130 out of 190 countries last year in the World Bank’s report.

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Today's news

Today’s important articles/news in various newspapers (14th June)

Dear aspirants, following are the links of various articles taken from various newspapers. Click the link to read further. To get notification, follow the blog. Thank you!

1- The best of times, the worst of times

The ongoing farmers’ agitation has taken on a shockingly violent form. Discussion has revolved around an apparent paradox: why are farmers rioting after a bumper crop? But any student of economics knows that prices fall after bumper harvests, which is good for consumers but terrible for farmers.

Q- The problem with Indian agriculture is that we are still stuck with the so-called Green Revolution of the 1970s without improving anything over it. Comment

Link with GS Paper 3 (Agriculture)

2- Moroccan Spring?

The shadow of the 2010-11 Arab Spring still hangs over Morocco, as its authorities scramble to contain the latest political turmoil. The trigger for the current troubles was the gruesome death last October of a fisherman while retrieving allegedly illegal catch from the police in the Mediterranean port town of al-Hoceima.

Take atlas and found the state sharing the boundaries with Morocco. Find nearby water bodies, straits, deserts  etc.

3- New labour survey to generate quarterly and annual data

The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation has started a Periodic Labour Force Survey, which will provide quarterly labour and employment data for urban India and annual data for rural India.

Important for Prelims purpose.

4- India ratifies ILO pacts on child labour

India on Tuesday ratified two core conventions of International Labour Organisation on child labour — a global commitment to end the worst form of child labour and to ensure minimum basic education to children.

Q- What is child labour? What has Indian govt done to prohibit child labour? Mention some child rights and child related articles in Indian constitution.

5- Not worth the tax

Forget agriculture, it is more prudent to collect taxes from the service sector where the bulk of black income is generated.

Q- There is debate on topic ‘whether agriculture income needs to be taxed or not’. Give your view in favor as well in opposition.

6-Inflation 2.18 per cent: Why the low, and how long

Q- Inflation has declined over the last three years, the fall particularly noticeable over the last one year. Enumerate the reason for fall in inflation.

7- India’s pursuit of energy transformation

India must balance between complementing generation capacities rather than pushing for preferred technologies

Link with GS Paper 3 (Energy)

8- Reorienting India’s trade policy

India’s commerce ministry is conducting a mid-year review of its trade policy to closely align it with the roll-out of the goods and services tax (GST) on 1 July. Truth be told, GST is important but probably too narrow a peg to hang India’s trade policy from; it might make more sense to re-anchor the policy in the shifting framework for global trade and the rapidly evolving nature of globalization.

Link it with GS Paper 3 (Trade)

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GS-3, Science & Tech, Uncategorized

What is the difference between GSLV and PSLV?

Both PSLV (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle) and GSLV (Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle) are the satellite-launch vehicles (rockets) developed by ISRO. PSLV is designed mainly to deliver the “earth-observation” or “remote-sensing” satellites with lift-off mass of up to about 1750 Kg to Sun-Synchronous circular polar orbits of 600-900 Km altitude.

The remote sensing satellites orbit the earth from pole-to-pole (at about 98 deg orbital-plane inclination). An orbit is called sun-synchronous when the angle between the line joining the centre of the Earth and the satellite and the Sun is constant throughout the orbit.

Due to their sun-synchronism nature, these orbits are also referred to as “Low Earth Orbit (LEO)” which enables the on-board camera to take images of the earth under the same sun-illumination conditions during each of the repeated visits, the satellite makes over the same area on ground thus making the satellite useful for earth resources monitoring.

Apart from launching the remote sensing satellites to Sun-synchronous polar orbits, the PSLV is also used to launch the satellites of lower lift-off mass of up to about 1400 Kg to the elliptical Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO).

PSLV is a four-staged launch vehicle with first and third stage using solid rocket motors and second and fourth stages using liquid rocket engines. It also uses strap-on motors to augment the thrust provided by the first stage, and depending on the number of these strap-on boosters, the PSLV is classified into its various versions like core-alone version (PSLV-CA), PSLV-G or PSLV-XL variants.

The GSLV is designed mainly to deliver the communication-satellites to the highly elliptical (typically 250 x 36000 Km) Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO). The satellite in GTO is further raised to its final destination, viz., Geo-synchronous Earth orbit (GEO) of about 36000 Km altitude (and zero deg inclination on equatorial plane) by firing its in-built on-board engines.

Due to their geo-synchronous nature, the satellites in these orbits appear to remain permanently fixed in the same position in the sky, as viewed from a particular location on Earth, thus avoiding the need of a tracking ground antenna and hence are useful for the communication applications.

Two versions of the GSLV are being developed by ISRO. The first version, GSLV Mk-II, has the capability to launch satellites of lift-off mass of up to 2,500 kg to the GTO and satellites of up to 5,000 kg lift-off mass to the LEO. GSLV MK-II is a three-staged vehicle with first stage using solid rocket motor, second stage using Liquid fuel and the third stage, called Cryogenic Upper Stage, using cryogenic engine.

GS-3, Science & Tech, Uncategorized

10 facts you about ISRO’s GSLV-Mk III

The Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle-Mark III (GSLV-Mk III), the heaviest rocket ever made by India and capable of carrying large payloads, is set for launch from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota on June 5, 2017.

Here are a few facts you need to know about the rocket.

1. GSKV-Mk III is capable of launching four-tonne satellites in the Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO).

2. The rocket is also capable of placing up to eight tonnes in a Low Earth Orbit (LEO), enough to carry a manned module.

3. GSLV-Mk III’s first developmental flight, D1, will carry on June 5 the GSAT-19 satellite — developed to help improve telecommunication and broadcasting areas.

4. This is India’s first fully functional rocket to be tested with a cryogenic engine that uses liquid propellants — liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen.

5. It took about 25 years, 11 flights and over 200 tests on different components of the rocket for it to be fully realised.

6. The 640-tonne rocket, equal to the weight of 200 fully-grown Asian elephants, is the country’s heaviest but shortest rocket with a height of 43 metre.

7. GSLV-Mk III is a three-stage vehicle with two solid motor strap-ons (S200), a liquid propellant core stage (L110) and a cryogenic stage (C-25).

8. ISRO successfully conducted the static test of its largest solid booster S200 at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC), Sriharikota on January 24, 2010. The successful test of S200, which forms the strap-on stage for the GSLV, makes it the third largest solid booster in the world. The static test of liquid core stage (L110) of GSLV-Mk III launch vehicle was done at ISRO’s Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre test facility as early as March 2010.

9. C-25, the large cryogenic upper stage of the GSLV, is the most difficult component of the launch vehicle to be developed. ISRO successfully ground-tested the indigenously developed C-25 on February 18, 2017.

10. If successful, the GSLV-Mk III — earlier named as Launch Vehicle Mark-3 or LVM-3 — could be India’s vehicle of choice to launch people into space.