India faces 23% deficit of judges across all courts:
India is short of almost 5,000 judges, leading to delayed judgments and pending cases in courts, an IndiaSpend analysis of data has found.
The average ratio of cases per judge in India, based on the sanctioned strength of judges in the Supreme Court (SC), the high courts (HC) and the subordinate courts and pending cases at the end of 2013 (an average of three years) was 1,625
The Supreme Court had 28 judges while there were 633 high court judges as on August 1, 2015.
The high courts are missing 384 (38%) of 1,017 judges, as on August 1, 2015. The subordinate courts are 4,580 (23%) short out of a total of 20,214, as on December 31, 2014.
In terms of absolute numbers, the Allahabad High Court has the most vacancies–84 of the total approved strength of 160–among the 24 high courts.
The Chhattisgarh HC faces the maximum deficit of judges to approved strength—59%, followed by the Allahabad HC (53%), the Karnataka HC (48%), the Himachal Pradesh HC (46%) and the Uttarakhand HC (45%). The Kerala HC, the Meghalaya HC, the Sikkim HC and the Tripura HC are at full strength.
The judges’ strength in lower courts increased from 17,715 at the end of 2012 to 20,214 in December, 2014.