Agriculture, GS-3, Uncategorized

Drought vocabulary

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If India’s monsoon rainfall were to dip below 10 per cent of the normal and span between 20 and 40 per cent of the country’s area, it would be called a “deficient” year instead of an “All India Drought Year”.

A more severe instance, where the deficit exceeds 40 per cent and would have been called an “All India Severe Drought Year,” will now be a “Large Deficient Year”.

Declaring droughts is the prerogative of States (not even that of the Central government)

The agency (IMD) had several definitions of drought:

  1. meteorological
  2. hydro-logical and
  3. agricultural,
    It was quite possible for a State to have a meteorological drought — 90 per cent shortfall of the average monsoon rainfall — but not suffer an agricultural drought —if the shortfall didn’t affect more than 20 per cent of the State’s area.

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