Editorials, GS-1, Uncategorized

‘Smart Cities’ mission

20 smart cities & smart solutions - IE [30 jan]-page-001The core infrastructure elements in a Smart City would include:

  1. > adequate water supply,
  2. > assured electricity supply,
  3. > sanitation, including solid waste management,
  4. > efficient urban mobility and public transport,
  5. > affordable housing, especially for the poor,
  6. > robust IT connectivity and digitalisation,
  7. > good governance, especially e-Governance and citizen participation,
  8. > sustainable environment,
  9. > safety and security of citizens, particularly women, children and the elderly, and
  10. > health and education.

    Smart City features
    Promoting mixed land use in area-based developments — planning for ‘unplanned areas’ containing a range of compatible activities and land uses close to one another in order to make land use more efficient. The states will enable some flexibility in land use and building bye-laws to adapt to change;> Housing and inclusiveness — expand housing opportunities for all;
    > Creating walkable localities — reduce congestion, air pollution and resource depletion, boost local economy, promote interactions and ensure security. The roads are created or refurbished not only for vehicles and public transport, but also for pedestrians and cyclists, and necessary administrative services are offered within walking/cycling distance;
    > Preserving and developing open spaces — parks, playgrounds, and recreational spaces in order to enhance the quality of life of citizens, reduce the urban heat effects in areas and generally promote eco-balance;
    > Promoting a variety of transport options — Transit Oriented Development (TOD), public transport and last mile para-transport connectivity;
    > Making governance citizen-friendly and cost effective — increasingly rely on online services to bring about accountability and transparency, especially using mobiles to reduce cost of services and providing services without having to go to municipal offices; form e-groups to listen to people and obtain feedback and use online monitoring of programs and activities with the aid of cyber tour of worksites > Giving an identity to the city — based on its main economic activity, such as local cuisine, health, education, culture, sports goods, furniture, hosiery, textile, dairy, etc;
    > Applying Smart Solutions to infrastructure and services in area-based development in order to make them better — making areas less vulnerable to disasters, using fewer resources, and providing cheaper services. What is novel in the selection of these cities, is that the winners from 11 states and the Union Territory of Delhi were selected after a competition between cities. Of these cities accounting for a population of 3.54 crore, five have a population below 5 lakh each, four in the range of 5-10 lakh, six in between 10-25 lakh, four between 25 and 50 lakh and only Ahmedabad having a population above 50 lakh.

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