GS-3, Indian Economy, Uncategorized

Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY)

  • The scheme is meant to provide for the welfare of people and areas affected by mining related operations
  • The funds collected by District Mineral Foundations (DMFs) will be utilised for this purpose

Key facts:

  • Aim: Mitigate the adverse impacts due to mining operation on the health and environment. It also seeks to ensure long-term sustainable livelihoods for the affected people in mining areas
  • Objective: To implement various welfare and developmental projects in mining affected areas by complementing the existing ongoing schemes of State and Central Government
  • To mitigate and minimize the adverse impacts during and after mining on the health, environment and socio-economics of people in mining districts
  • To ensure long-term sustainable livelihoods to people in areas affected by mining
  • DMF spending: 60% of the DMF funds will be spent on high priority areas including health care, education, drinking water supply, sanitation and skill development of the affected people
  • Rest of the funds will be spent on infrastructure developmental projects such as making roads, railways, bridges, waterways projects, irrigation and alternative energy sources

About District Mineral Foundations (DMFs):

  • The Mines and Minerals (Development & Regulation) Amendment Act, 2015 has mandated setting up of DMFs in all districts in the country affected by mining related operations
  • Union government also has notified the rates of contribution payable by miners to the DMFs along with launching PMKKKY
  • In case of mining leases granted before 12th January 2015 (on this date Amendment Act came into force) miners have to contribute 30% of the royalty payable by them to DMFs
  • While, in case of mining leases executed after 12th January 2015, miners have to contribute 10% of the royalty

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