- This article is written by Ban Ki-moon, secretary-general of the United Nations. He has called for world leaders to address one of the leading challenges of our time: responding to large movements of refugees and migrants.
Reasons for Migration
- War, human rights violations, underdevelopment, climate change and natural disasters are leading more people to leave their homes .
- Migrants have also left their countries in search of better opportunities or simply for survival.
Crisis of solidarity
- Almost 90 per cent of the world’s refugees are hosted in developing countries. Eight countries host more than half the world’s refugees.
- Just 10 countries provide 75 per cent of the UN’s budget to ease and resolve their plight.
- With equitable responsibility sharing, there would be no crisis for host countries. Yet, too often, fear and ignorance gets in the way. Human needs end up overshadowed, and xenophobia speaks louder than reason.
“In Safety and Dignity”
- It is a report issued by SG of UN. It deals with recommendations on how the world can take more effective collective action towards refugee crisis.Salient points :-
- First, we need to begin by recognising our common humanity. Refugees and migrants are not “others”; they are as diverse as the human family itself. Movements of people are a quintessentially global phenomenon that demands a global sharing of responsibility.
- Second, far from being a threat, refugees and migrants contribute to the growth and development of host countries as well as their countries of origin. The better new arrivals are integrated, the greater their contribution to society will be
- Third, political and community leaders have a responsibility to speak out against discrimination and intolerance, and to counter those who seek to win votes through fear mongering and divisiveness. This is a time to build bridges, not walls, between people.
- Fourth, we have to give greater attention to addressing the drivers of forced displacement. The UN continues to strengthen its work to prevent conflict, resolve disputes peacefully and address violations of human rights before they escalate. One powerful new tool is the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, a blueprint agreed last year by all 193 members of the UN that includes a strong focus on justice, institutions and peaceful societies.
- Fifth, we need to strengthen the international systems that manage large movements of people so that they uphold human rights norms and provide the necessary protections. States must honour their international legal obligations, including the 1951 Refugee Convention. Countries where refugees arrive first should not be left to shoulder the demands alone.
- Refugee and migrant crises are far from insurmountable, but they cannot be addressed by states acting alone.
- Today, millions of refugees and migrants are being deprived of their basic rights, and the world is depriving itself of the full benefits of what refugees and migrants have to offer.
- On September 19, the General Assembly will hold a high-level meeting to strengthen our efforts for the longer term.
- And it is expected that it will point the way toward solutions to the most immediate refugee and migration challenges, and commit world leaders to greater global cooperation on these issues.