Daily current affairs (24th July)

Here daily we are going to present news items analysis from various sources. We don’t need to read news but need to generate views. Some news will be analytical, some would be factual and some would be merely informative. We need to use factual and informative news as an examples in our GS Papers and Essay answer writing. Analytical news will provide us a chance to discuss any matter in 360 degree angle, I meant, in multi-perspective.

1- Scientist U R Rao is no more

His contribution: –
a) fourth Chairman of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) during its critical formative years between 1984 and 1994
b) Gave a push to Geo Stationary Launch Vehicle (GSLV) and the cryogenic technology projects in 1991 (during this time, Russia denied cryogenic technology to Indian. Read about Cryogenic technology)
c) ‘Aryabhata , the first Indian satellite,  was launched in 1975 under his leadership. (Read about Aryabhatta )
d) first Indian to be inducted into the prestigious Satellite Hall of Fame, Washington. (Find out other Indian name)
e)  First chairman of Prasar Bharati

2- Right to Privacy is a fundamental right ?

Context: There is a case in SC where it has been interpreting the constitutionality of Right to Privacy through the prism of Fundamental rights that means whether it comes under Part III of Indian constitution or not?

The right to privacy is not explicitly mentioned in the Constitution. But then the right to “due process” too was not there.
If the text of the Constitution alone is going to determine the nature of the right to privacy, then the collegium system, the right against arbitrariness and the freedom of press too could go soon. As none of the above features are mentioned in Indian constitution.

What if Right to privacy is not a FR?
a) citizens may not have protection against surveillance
b) the state could target those who speak against it
c) even voting preferences may be influenced
d)telephone tapping could be routinely resorted to and our mails intercepted

Right to privacy subsumes under right to life and personal liberty. Without right to privacy, right to life cant exist.

In Kharak Singh (1963) case where a dacoity accused was released and put under surveillance. Police constables would knock at his door, wake him up during night and disturb his sleep. The judiciary conceded that “everyman’s home is his castle” and struck down surveillance over Kharak Singh. But the court said that there was no fundamental right to privacy in India.

In the Gobind case (1975), court has recognised right to privacy as an integral part of right to personal liberty. Today, liberty is a part of the basic structure of the Constitution.

In ADM Jabalpur (1976) judiciary accepted the government’s argument that when the right to life and personal liberty is suspended, citizens have no remedy against illegal detention.

Despite the recognition of privacy as a fundamental right, the government will continue to have powers to impose “reasonable restrictions”.-

Q- Denial of privacy neither promotes national security nor curbs terrorism, it merely takes away citizen’s freedom to be left alone and curtails his/her choice in personal decisions. Critically examine!

3- MPC members to get Rs. 1.5 lakh per meet, must disclose assets

Context: To avoid any conflict of interest, MPC members are asked to disclose assets.

What is MPC?
The Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) is a committee of the Reserve Bank of India, headed by its Governor, which is entrusted with the task of fixing the benchmark policy interest rate to contain inflation within the specified target level.

From RBI side

  1. Urjit Patel – RBI Governor
  2. R Gandhi – RBI Deputy governor
  3. Michael Patra – Executive Director in charge of monetary policy

From Government side

  1. Ravindra Dholakia, Professor of Economics at IIM Ahmedabad
  2. Chetan Ghate, Associate Professor at Indian Statistical Institute
  3. Pami Dua, Director, Delhi school of economics

For every bi-monthly monetary policy meeting, the decision of increase/decrease in interest rates and money supply would be decided by MPC throught votes. In case of a tie, Governor’s vote will decide the decision forward.

4- Waterways to connect India with Bangladesh

Context: Bangladesh and India have signed a memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to connect the North-East and West Bengal with Bangladesh through new waterways.

Other facts:
1) India and Bangladesh share a 4,095-km border, of which 1,116 km is through rivers.
2) Bangladesh receives water from 54 rivers in India.
3) New Water ways will help in India’s ‘Look east’ or ‘Act East’ policy.
4) The signing of the Coastal Shipping Agreement, the renewal of the Trade Agreement and the Protocol on Inland Water Transit and Trade, as well as the flagging off of new bus services are examples of connectivity across the region to reduce inequalities and maximizing welfare gains.
5) Bus service: Kolkata-Dhaka-Agartala and Dhaka-Shillong-Guwahati bus services
6) Connectivity between the two countries by road, rail, rivers, sea, transmission lines, petroleum pipelines and digital links are poised to increase trade, prosperity and decrease the poverty in south Asian countries.
Image result for india bangladesh connectivity

5- Project Mausam 

What is it?
It is initiative of Ministry of Culture
It is implemented by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI)

To explore the multi-faceted Indian Ocean ‘world’–collating archaeological and historical research in order to document the diversity of cultural, commercial and religious interactions in the Indian Ocean.
To promote research on themes related to the study of Maritime Routes
To inscribe places and sites identified under Project Mausam as trans-national nomination for inscription on UNESCO’s World Heritage List
To focus on Monsoon patterns, cultural routes and maritime landscape.

Image result for PROJECT MAUSAM

6- Yoga was inscribed as Intangible Cultural Heritage

What is Intangible cultural Heritage?
Intangible cultural heritage is defined as the practices, representations, expressions, as well as the knowledge and skills (including instruments, objects, artifacts, cultural spaces), that communities, groups and, in some cases, individuals recognise as part of their cultural heritage.

It is sometimes called living cultural heritage, and is manifested inter alia in the following domains:

  • Oral traditions and expressions, including language as a vehicle of the intangible cultural heritage;
  • Performing arts;
  • Social practices, rituals and festive events;
  • Knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe;
  • Traditional craftsmanship

Lists of Intangible Cultural Heritage in India:

1- Nawrouz or Novruz
2- Yoga
3- Traditional brass and copper craft of utensil making among the Thatheras of Jandiala Guru, Punjab, India
4- Sankirtana, ritual singing, drumming and dancing of Manipur (This year UPSC has asked about it in Prelims Exam)
5- Buddhist chanting of Ladakh: recitation of sacred Buddhist texts in the trans-Himalayan Ladakh region, Jammu and Kashmir, India
6- Chhau dance (UPSC asked)
7- Kalbelia folk songs and dances of Rajasthan
8- Mudiyettu, ritual theatre and dance drama of Kerala (UPSC asked)
9- Ramman, religious festival and ritual theatre of the Garhwal Himalayas, India
10- Kutiyattam, Sanskrit theatre (UPSC asked)
11- Tradition of Vedic chanting
12- Ramlila, the traditional performance of the Ramayana

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Today’s important articles/news in various newspapers (25th July)

Dear aspirants, following are the links of various articles taken from various newspapers. Click the link to read further. To get notification, follow the blog. Thank you!

1- Taxing times for the States

The new Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime, introduced by way of the 101st Constitutional Amendment, is based on a fundamental notion that uniformity in tax administration across the country is an idea worth cherishing.

Q- The amendment act of GST makes core changes to the fiscal division and its against the federal feature of Indian Constitution. Discuss.

2- What’s brewing in Darjeeling
The Darjeeling hills are in crisis. A resurgent Gorkhaland movement and subsequent state crackdown have infused life with violent uncertainty. Visitors to the ‘queen of the hills’ will be hard-pressed to find the idyllic tea plantations, mountain views, and quaint footpaths that characterise Darjeeling.

Q- Whereas the British planters had developed tea gardens all along the Shivaliks and Lesser Himalayas from Assam to Himachal Pradesh, in effect they did not succeed beyond the Darjeeling area. Explain.

Q- Gorkhaland is a classic subnationalist movement. Is it going to affect integrity and unity of India?

3- Bilateral catalyst

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s recent visit to the U.S. is likely to deepen bilateral ties in multiple strategic areas. Among them, science and technology, a key driver for innovation and job creation in both countries, needs to take centre stage.

Link it with India – USA relationship , GS Paper 2

4- Network challenges

There’s a fresh twist in the tale for India’s telecom sector, which is a success story with around a billion connections issued so far and about 350 million subscribers estimated to have smartphones.

Hint- Try to collect some facts here

5- IMF retains India 2017 GDP growth forecast at 7.2%

The International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) July World Economic Outlook Update retained India’s projected GDP growth rate for 2017-18 at 7.2%, and at 7.7% for 2018-19.

Q- Enumerate strengths and weaknesses of Indian economy.

6- The Aryan chromosome

Where did the Aryans come to India from? When did they migrate? Genetics is now beginning to affirm archaeological and literary evidence.

7-  Private healthcare with public money

Two recent developments related to public health in India hold the prospect of changing the nature of service provision for the people. Both lean heavily on the private sector in an effort to improve the deplorable state of healthcare services for India’s 1.3 billion people.

Q- Since Private healthcare in India usually offers quality service but is often expensive and largely unregulated so government regulation is required but not over-regulation. Comment

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Today's news

Today’s important articles/news in various newspapers (11th July)

Dear aspirants, following are the links of various articles taken from various newspapers. Click the link to read further. To get notification, follow the blog. Thank you!

1- The think tank and the ashram

Anniversaries often become moments of rhetoric and hypocrisy rather than a space for recollection, a crossroads about future strategies and debates. One needs to rethink them. The more literally charismatic the person, the greater the attempt to embalm him in mothballs. The Gandhian idea suffers most from it as the regime plays officially Gandhian, even moving into the Khadi and Village Industries Commission calendar.

Q- On Sabarmati Ashram’s 100th anniversary it is time to retune it, so the great rituals of freedom, faith and inventiveness can begin again. Discuss

2- Reading between the numbers

July 11 has been designated by the United Nations as World Population Day. The UN chooses one aspect of population to draw attention to each year; this year the theme is access to family planning.

Q- What is ‘demographic dividend’ ? The demographic dividend can either be taken advantage of as a fortuitous economic opportunity or be a lost chance, depending on how the Government deploys the huge emerging workforce into productive streams of economic activity. Comment

3- Bring the House up to date

Parliamentary privileges originated during the long struggle for democracy and citizen’s rights in Britain, between a monarch and Parliament as kings used to get members who spoke or were likely to speak against the king arrested. Today, our legislators get citizens and journalists arrested.

Q- The balance between fundamental rights and parliamentary privilege must be re-examined. Comment

4- Targeting trawling

Tamil Nadu must hasten the transition from trawling to deep sea fishing.

5- The great Indian migration

Despite the decline in total fertility rates (TFR) countrywide, 12 States continue to have TFR above 2.1 children per woman, known as replacement-level fertility. However, when the TFR declines, the drop does not stop at 2.1, as seen in Kerala (1.6), Tamil Nadu (1.7) and Karnataka (1.8).

6- A Patriot And A Gentleman

Naresh Chandra underplayed his role in nuclear programme, economic liberalisation.

Link it with GS Paper 4 (Administrators)

7- How ‘economic complexity’ translates into diversified trade and faster growth

Economic pole of global growth has moved from China to India, shows Harvard research. Why do some countries grow faster than others?

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Today's news

Today’s important articles/news in various newspapers (10th July)

Dear aspirants, following are the links of various articles taken from various newspapers. Click the link to read further. To get notification, follow the blog. Thank you!

1- Power games at the tri-junction

The current border stand-off suggests India is likely to become bolder in resisting the idea of power disparity.

Q- “India-China relations are undergoing a change”. “China believes that India should acknowledge the power disparity between the two sides and show appropriate deference to China.” Examine

2- Corruption in the era of liberalisation

With its tentacles spreading to every branch of the state, corruption’s salience has never been higher.

Q- Liberalization has ushered in corruption in a much greater variety of forms and on an unimaginably greater scale than anything seen under the so-called licence raj. Critically examine.

3- Is artificial intelligence fuelling natural stupidity?

We are at a stage where the genial news environment committed to truth and public interest is under pressure.

Link it with Essay paper.

4- ‘China seen as more innovative in IT than India’

A 7% growth rate is not good enough for India and its IT industry has missed the bus on innovation by sticking to a template that worked 25 years ago, believes economist Soumitra Dutta who co-authors the World Economic Forum‘s annual Global Information Technology report. 

5- Internal insecurity

It is unfortunate that even though we have a strong government at the Centre, the internal security situation of the country has not shown any marked improvement over what it inherited from the UPA regime.

Link it with GS Paper 3 (Internal security).

6- LG vs CM in Puducherry: Understanding the question of nomination to UT House

What exactly did the LG do, which precipitated the latest round of confrontation with the Chief Minister? What are the provisions under which she acted? What is the background and context of that law? The Indian Express explains.

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Today's news

Today’s important articles/news in various newspapers (7th July)

Dear aspirants, following are the links of various articles taken from various newspapers. Click the link to read further. To get notification, follow the blog. Thank you!

1- Should we grow GM crops?
To hide her nakedness, India has borrowed a ‘fig leaf’ from U.S. regulation of genetically modified orgamisms (GMOs), i.e. in the non-regulation of these novel laboratory organisms. The U.S. invented GMOs and commercialised them despite serious safety concerns expressed by government scientists.

Q- What is GM crops? Enumerate advantages and disadvantages of GM crops .

2- Making of a monumental crisis

India’s monumental heritage is on the brink of a shameful shift. The Central government is poised to introduce an amendment to the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958, in Parliament, which would remove the security net that exists around our nationally protected monuments.

Q- India’s monuments form an irreplaceable archive of our civilisational heritage. Parliament must resist a proposed amendment that compromises the 100-m no-construction zone. Discuss.

3- Postscript to the proxy war

On June 18, a U.S. warplane shot down a Syrian regime jet after it bombed American-backed rebels in northern Syria — the first time the U.S. has downed a Syrian warplane since the start of the country’s civil war in 2011.

Read it to aware yourself about current happening in world news.

4- Mr. Modi in Israel

While welcoming Prime Minister Narendra Modi to Tel Aviv, his Israeli counterpart, Benjamin Netanyahu, said his country had awaited the visit for “seventy years”. Since the birth in 1948 of Israel, whose admission to the UN India subsequently opposed, Israeli leaders had always sought full diplomatic ties.

Q-  India’s evolving ties with Israel should be based on pragmatism and not based on symbolism.

5- ‘Asia-Africa corridor to respect sovereignty’

The guiding principles of the Asia Africa Growth Corridor (AAGC), initiated by India with the backing of Japan, will be to ensure sustainability through respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity as well as boosting regional economic connectivity through the use of responsible debt financing practices, a former top government official said.

Q- What is Asia Africa Growth Corridor (AAGC)?

6- Coins for thought

With over $22.4 billion in market capitalisation, cryptocurrency is rapidly emerging as the new-age disruptive technological currency, transcending itself as a new “medium of exchange” and “store of value”.

Q- Define the terms like Blockchain, Big Data, Artificial Intelligence. How these innovative technologies are going to revive the growth and development?

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Today's news

Today’s important articles/news in various newspapers (6th July)

Dear aspirants, following are the links of various articles taken from various newspapers. Click the link to read further. To get notification, follow the blog. Thank you!

1- India, Israel to set up $40 mn research fund

India and Israel announced a strategic partnership between the two countries after a meeting between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Israeli counterpart Benjamin Netanyahu, and signed seven agreements in the fields of water, agriculture, space, including a $40 million joint fund for research and development in innovation.

2- Speaking the language of change?

Q- Development is not the expansion of economic freedom, but following Amartya Sen, is the removal of all kinds of “unfreedoms” so that governance delivers the three goals of security, growth and equity achieved in ecologically sustainable ways. Examine.

Link it with GS Paper 2 (inclusive development)

3- Realise the de facto realities on J&K

The row over the U.S. terming a part of Jammu and Kashmir as being “India-administered” is a bit overdone, if not hypocritical. Especially Ghulam Nabi Azad, a Kashmiri, and a Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha, attacking the government for not contesting the American characterisation. Mr. Azad called it a ‘compromise’ as regards national security.

Link it with GS Paper 3 (Internal security)

4- Missile diplomacy

In early January, Donald Trump, then the U.S. President-elect, tweeted that North Korea would never develop a “nuclear weapon capable of reaching parts of the U.S.”. But Pyongyang appears to have done exactly that, defying warnings issued by Washington.

5- Search for a new inflation normal

Paradoxically, policymakers are toying with the idea of tweaking up the inflation target for the industrialised economies though most central banks have consistently fallen short of the current 2% rate in the last 10 years.

Q- Concerns mount that a prolonged low interest rate scenario could risk stability. Explain.

6- Importance of being simple

What is a good and simple tax and why is the present indirect tax structure bad and complicated? There are several reasons behind the bad, ugly and complicated visage — the constitutional structure, history and legacy, differential treatment of goods vis-à-vis services, multiple rates and exemptions. Exemptions mean loss in revenue.

Link it with GS Paper 3 (Tax reform)

7- The real lessons of the July 1997 Asian crisis

Many of the most wildly successful economies in Asia tumbled into a crisis in July 1997. They had to be bailed out by the International Monetary Fund on terms that led to a lot of political angst. India was hit as well.

Its importance is in knowing historical economic crisis.

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Today’s important articles/news in various newspapers (5th July)

Dear aspirants, following are the links of various articles taken from various newspapers. Click the link to read further. To get notification, follow the blog. Thank you!

1- The terrorisms we overlook

The state’s association with terror — in mob lynchings or in extortion — is not compatible with freedom.

Link it with GS Paper 3 (Internal security)

2- ‘EC’s biggest challenge is parties’ use of tainted money in polls’

The outgoing Chief Election Commissioner on his eventful tenure, the controversy over EVMs, and concerns such as paid news and opacity in electoral funding.

Q- Discuss about the challenges faced by Election commission in India.

Link it with GS Paper 2 (Election)

3- Signs of a Persian gulf

New Delhi needs to work with Tehran to resolve bilateral irritants affecting economic ties.

Link it with GS Paper 2 (Indo-Iran relations)

4- Going beyond cultural heritage

There has been a visible effort by the state in recent times to increase awareness about speciality handloom products and to make them things of aspiration for customers. This is being done through aggressive promotion of the process, the product and the context.

Q- What is meant by ‘hand-loom industry’ ? Handloom industry needs to be freed from the limited narratives linked to preserving cultural heritage and the merger of the industry with individual fashion. Comment

Link it with GS Paper 3 (Indian Economy)

5- UDAY covers 97% of discom debt: Centre

About 97% of the total outstanding debt of all state power distribution companies (discoms) has been covered under the Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana (UDAY), the government announced on Tuesday.

So far, 86% of the restructurable debt has been revamped under the scheme.

6- My journey to Israel

In the time since 1998, the year of my ‘goodwill mission’, the scope for deepening collaboration and joint ventures has only grown for the two countries.

7- Behind the ongoing stand-off in Doklam, century-old manoeuvres of geostrategy

Until 1959, China made no claims on Bhutan, but now, its Ministry of Foreign Affairs cites the 1890 China-Britain treaty, which states that the border runs west from Doka-La along the ridgeline — that is, south of the Doklam plateau.

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Today's news

Today’s important articles/news in various newspapers (4th July)

Dear aspirants, following are the links of various articles taken from various newspapers. Click the link to read further. To get notification, follow the blog. Thank you!

1- The organising principle of lynch mobs

What encourages Indians who subscribe to different religious persuasions, speak different languages, and hold different conceptions of the good to believe that they are equal members of a democratic political community?

Q- Right to life has to be read along with the right to equality and the right to freedom, granted by Articles 14 and 19 of the Fundamental Rights. Explain.

2- The delta miracle

Fresh evidence of loss of forest cover in the Indian Sundarbans, which represent a third of the largest contiguous mangrove ecosystem in the world, is a reminder that an accelerated effort is necessary to preserve them.

3- ‘Manufacturing slows to 4-month low’

Manufacturing activity slowed to a four-month low in June due to challenges posed by the implementation of Goods and Services Tax, a challenging economic environment, and water shortages in parts of the country, according to a private sector survey.

4- PM Modi lands in Israel today, his eyes set on removing more ‘hesitations of history’

When Narendra Modi lands at Tel Aviv’s Ben Gurion airport today — the first Indian PM to visit Israel — he will be initiating a historic process of formally changing India’s public and political approach towards dealing with the Jewish nation.

Link it with GS Paper 2 (Indo-Israel relations)

Q- “The relationship with Israel, so far, was like the one with a mistress, a clandestine affair”. Comment

5- Sikkim-Tibet border: an historical perspective

Of the entire 3,488km Sino-Indian border, the only section on which both countries agree that there is no dispute is the 220km Sikkim-Tibet section of the boundary. This is because under the Anglo-Chinese Convention of 1890, the Sikkim-Tibet border was agreed upon and in 1895 it was jointly demarcated on the ground.

Read this for historical perspective.

6- NPA resolution: a rough road ahead

The most important takeaway from the latest “Financial Stability Report”, released by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) last week, is that conditions in the Indian financial system are expected to deteriorate further before they improve. There is more pain ahead.

Q- What is meant by NPA? Mentions about the steps taken by RBI to solve the menace of NPA in banking sector.

Link it with GS Paper 3 (Banking sector)

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Today’s important articles/news in various newspapers (3rd July)

Dear aspirants, following are the links of various articles taken from various newspapers. Click the link to read further. To get notification, follow the blog. Thank you!

1- Written-off in the hinterland

Our education system has failed to integrate the rural into the larger political community, the nation.

Q- What is meant by ‘hinterland’? The impact of education on rural life has remained consistent since colonial days. Explain.

2- ‘Inequality changes the system’

Thomas Piketty’s Capital in the 21st Century is the most-widely discussed work of economics in recent history. At its centre is the argument that due to the powerful forces generated by the underlying dynamics of wealth, it is most likely that we are heading to a future where inherited wealth will shape economic structures, and lead to widespread inequality.

Link it with Essay paper.

3- Climate-proofed and inclusive

How will future climate change affect the poor and how does one address both poverty and climate change? This is a conundrum faced by policymakers in India and other developing countries.

Link it with GS Paper 3 (Climate change)

4- Step back

The boundary stand-off with China at the Doka La tri-junction with Bhutan is by all accounts unprecedented; it demands calmer counsel on all sides.

Link it with GS Paper 2 (Indo-China)

5- The missing learning curve

Humans have incredible powers of learning and adaptation. Every few years, looking back, one feels the younger version of oneself was so unwise. But as human life is finite, the lessons of a lifetime often get lost with the individual. Societies, on the other hand, (can) last thousands of years, and much has been written about the accelerating learning curve of the human species.

6- Irrigation tips from an arid country

Prime Minister Modi’s visit to Israel should build on the partnership between the two countries in water management.

Q- It is well-known that India is water stressed. Enumerate how to augment water supplies and water using efficiency?

7- Why are India-Israel ties so special?

Despite Modi’s admiration for Israel’s achievements, the structural differences between Indian and Israeli national security situations, their worldviews and the absence of explicitly shared enemies limit stronger strategic rapprochement.

Link it with GS Paper 2 (Indo-Israel relations)

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Today’s important articles/news in various newspapers (1st July)

Dear aspirants, following are the links of various articles taken from various newspapers. Click the link to read further. To get notification, follow the blog. Thank you!

1- Midnight makeover

In a landmark reform, India today switches to a new indirect tax system, the Goods and Services Tax. The GST subsumes the multiple Central, State and local taxes and cesses levied on goods and services, unifying the country into a single market, thereby making it easier to do business and ensure tax compliance.

Link it with GS Paper 3 (Tax reform)

2- Entering the age of GST

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) is in force from today. The reform, touted as a “game changer” and the “reform of the century”, was deemed worthy of a launch on the midnight of June 30 in the Central Hall of the Parliament.

Q- While the implementation of the GST reform is surely a cause to celebrate, one should not get carried away, for over-optimism on its favourable consequences builds expectations which may be difficult to fulfil.

3- In Good Faith: A secular ethics for our times

Time is always moving forward and no force can stop it. At every moment, we have the option of using our time constructively or negatively. The choice we make will determine whether our world becomes a peaceful one or continues to be engulfed in conflict and tension.

Q- Education can contribute to inner disarmament. It must instil human values that promote compassion, warmth and an appreciation of the necessity of dialogue. Discuss.

Link it with GS Paper 4 (Human Values- Ethics)

4- GST launch: 40-year journey to a common market

GST rollout: Launch of VAT was announced with effect from April 1, 2002, but the date was pushed back to April 1, 2003 in the face of severe resistance from traders, especially in BJP-ruled Delhi and a few other states.

5- Digital India needs a cybersecurity reboot

The Indian government has embarked on a programme to turn the country into a digital economy. It has unveiled a series of initiatives—from introducing Digital Locker, which eliminates the need for people to carry hard copies of documents issued by the government, to demonetization, which has spurred the use of digital payments across the country.

Link it with GS Paper 3 (Internal Security)

Q- The move towards a digital economy is likely to help trigger a fresh wave of economic growth, attract more investment, and create new jobs, across multiple sectors along with threat of cyber security. Comment!

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