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Daily current affairs (24th July)

Here daily we are going to present news items analysis from various sources. We don’t need to read news but need to generate views. Some news will be analytical, some would be factual and some would be merely informative. We need to use factual and informative news as an examples in our GS Papers and Essay answer writing. Analytical news will provide us a chance to discuss any matter in 360 degree angle, I meant, in multi-perspective.

1- Scientist U R Rao is no more

His contribution: –
a) fourth Chairman of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) during its critical formative years between 1984 and 1994
b) Gave a push to Geo Stationary Launch Vehicle (GSLV) and the cryogenic technology projects in 1991 (during this time, Russia denied cryogenic technology to Indian. Read about Cryogenic technology)
c) ‘Aryabhata , the first Indian satellite,  was launched in 1975 under his leadership. (Read about Aryabhatta )
d) first Indian to be inducted into the prestigious Satellite Hall of Fame, Washington. (Find out other Indian name)
e)  First chairman of Prasar Bharati

2- Right to Privacy is a fundamental right ?

Context: There is a case in SC where it has been interpreting the constitutionality of Right to Privacy through the prism of Fundamental rights that means whether it comes under Part III of Indian constitution or not?

The right to privacy is not explicitly mentioned in the Constitution. But then the right to “due process” too was not there.
If the text of the Constitution alone is going to determine the nature of the right to privacy, then the collegium system, the right against arbitrariness and the freedom of press too could go soon. As none of the above features are mentioned in Indian constitution.

What if Right to privacy is not a FR?
a) citizens may not have protection against surveillance
b) the state could target those who speak against it
c) even voting preferences may be influenced
d)telephone tapping could be routinely resorted to and our mails intercepted

Right to privacy subsumes under right to life and personal liberty. Without right to privacy, right to life cant exist.

In Kharak Singh (1963) case where a dacoity accused was released and put under surveillance. Police constables would knock at his door, wake him up during night and disturb his sleep. The judiciary conceded that “everyman’s home is his castle” and struck down surveillance over Kharak Singh. But the court said that there was no fundamental right to privacy in India.

In the Gobind case (1975), court has recognised right to privacy as an integral part of right to personal liberty. Today, liberty is a part of the basic structure of the Constitution.

In ADM Jabalpur (1976) judiciary accepted the government’s argument that when the right to life and personal liberty is suspended, citizens have no remedy against illegal detention.

Despite the recognition of privacy as a fundamental right, the government will continue to have powers to impose “reasonable restrictions”.-

Q- Denial of privacy neither promotes national security nor curbs terrorism, it merely takes away citizen’s freedom to be left alone and curtails his/her choice in personal decisions. Critically examine!

3- MPC members to get Rs. 1.5 lakh per meet, must disclose assets

Context: To avoid any conflict of interest, MPC members are asked to disclose assets.

What is MPC?
The Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) is a committee of the Reserve Bank of India, headed by its Governor, which is entrusted with the task of fixing the benchmark policy interest rate to contain inflation within the specified target level.

Members:
From RBI side

  1. Urjit Patel – RBI Governor
  2. R Gandhi – RBI Deputy governor
  3. Michael Patra – Executive Director in charge of monetary policy

From Government side

  1. Ravindra Dholakia, Professor of Economics at IIM Ahmedabad
  2. Chetan Ghate, Associate Professor at Indian Statistical Institute
  3. Pami Dua, Director, Delhi school of economics

For every bi-monthly monetary policy meeting, the decision of increase/decrease in interest rates and money supply would be decided by MPC throught votes. In case of a tie, Governor’s vote will decide the decision forward.

4- Waterways to connect India with Bangladesh

Context: Bangladesh and India have signed a memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to connect the North-East and West Bengal with Bangladesh through new waterways.

Other facts:
1) India and Bangladesh share a 4,095-km border, of which 1,116 km is through rivers.
2) Bangladesh receives water from 54 rivers in India.
3) New Water ways will help in India’s ‘Look east’ or ‘Act East’ policy.
4) The signing of the Coastal Shipping Agreement, the renewal of the Trade Agreement and the Protocol on Inland Water Transit and Trade, as well as the flagging off of new bus services are examples of connectivity across the region to reduce inequalities and maximizing welfare gains.
5) Bus service: Kolkata-Dhaka-Agartala and Dhaka-Shillong-Guwahati bus services
6) Connectivity between the two countries by road, rail, rivers, sea, transmission lines, petroleum pipelines and digital links are poised to increase trade, prosperity and decrease the poverty in south Asian countries.
Image result for india bangladesh connectivity

5- Project Mausam 

What is it?
It is initiative of Ministry of Culture
It is implemented by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI)

Aim:
To explore the multi-faceted Indian Ocean ‘world’–collating archaeological and historical research in order to document the diversity of cultural, commercial and religious interactions in the Indian Ocean.
To promote research on themes related to the study of Maritime Routes
To inscribe places and sites identified under Project Mausam as trans-national nomination for inscription on UNESCO’s World Heritage List
To focus on Monsoon patterns, cultural routes and maritime landscape.

Image result for PROJECT MAUSAM

6- Yoga was inscribed as Intangible Cultural Heritage

What is Intangible cultural Heritage?
Intangible cultural heritage is defined as the practices, representations, expressions, as well as the knowledge and skills (including instruments, objects, artifacts, cultural spaces), that communities, groups and, in some cases, individuals recognise as part of their cultural heritage.

It is sometimes called living cultural heritage, and is manifested inter alia in the following domains:

  • Oral traditions and expressions, including language as a vehicle of the intangible cultural heritage;
  • Performing arts;
  • Social practices, rituals and festive events;
  • Knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe;
  • Traditional craftsmanship

Lists of Intangible Cultural Heritage in India:

1- Nawrouz or Novruz
2- Yoga
3- Traditional brass and copper craft of utensil making among the Thatheras of Jandiala Guru, Punjab, India
4- Sankirtana, ritual singing, drumming and dancing of Manipur (This year UPSC has asked about it in Prelims Exam)
5- Buddhist chanting of Ladakh: recitation of sacred Buddhist texts in the trans-Himalayan Ladakh region, Jammu and Kashmir, India
6- Chhau dance (UPSC asked)
7- Kalbelia folk songs and dances of Rajasthan
8- Mudiyettu, ritual theatre and dance drama of Kerala (UPSC asked)
9- Ramman, religious festival and ritual theatre of the Garhwal Himalayas, India
10- Kutiyattam, Sanskrit theatre (UPSC asked)
11- Tradition of Vedic chanting
12- Ramlila, the traditional performance of the Ramayana

Thank you!

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