The UN Convention on the Rights of Migrants defines a migrant worker as a “person who is to be engaged, is engaged or has been engaged in a remunerated activity in a State of which he or she is not a national.
This definition indicates that migrant does not refer to refugees, displaced or others forced or compelled to leave their homes. Migrants are people who make choices about when to leave and where to go, even though these choices are sometimes extremely constrained.
Following factors need to be taken care in doing orderly migration by states:-
(a) Contributions by migrants and refugees: The narratives on migration must emphasise the positive contributions by migrants and refugees towards diversity and for enriching societies, cultures and economies across the world.
The media has a crucial role in promoting multiculturalism, mutual trust and understanding but also sensitising the population at large to the principles of equality and non-discrimination as well as combating xenophobia and prejudice in daily life.
(b) Combat xenophobia and racism: The international community must uphold their responsibility to combat all forms of hate speech, stigmatising discourses, scapegoating and measures must be taken to condemn xenophobia against migrants and refugees. Given the audience, they can reach and the moral authority they carry, political leaders must condemn and counter all messages fuelling racism and xenophobia.
Refugees and migrants should be provided with effective judicial, administrative and other remedies, including the right to seek just and adequate reparation for any damage suffered as a result of a racist or xenophobic crime.
(c) Promoting integration: Reforms in the institutional, political, policy and social sectors should be implemented in ways that mutually reinforce the incentives for integration and solidarity rather than exclusion. Labour market access and mobility, pathways to citizenship, participation and social contact with the local populations are essential.
(d) Border management: States must ensure that border governance measures combat all forms of discrimination at international borders and that migrants have effective access to judicial remedies.
States must also ensure that migrants in transit who are victims of violence, physical and mental abuse and exploitation are provided with appropriate services, including medical and psychosocial services, in particular for women and girls who have experienced sexual abuse and violence.
(e) Exploitation and abuse: Measures must be taken to address all forms of labour exploitation and abuse, in particular, child labour. Action must be taken to enhance protection of specific categories of workers, in particular women, against exploitation and abuse, including sexual violence.
(f) Children in migration: Children affected by migration should be considered first and foremost, and their best interests must be a primary consideration in all actions concerning them and should be accorded the same rights as all other children, including birth registration, nationality, access to education, healthcare, housing and social protection.
(g) Trafficking in persons: National procedures must be adopted for assistance and protection services for victims and potential victims of trafficking in persons, including gender- and child-sensitive measures.