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Today’s important articles/news in various newspapers (11th April)

Dear aspirants, following are the links of various articles taken from various newspapers. Click the link to read further. To get notification, follow the blog. Thank you

1. Time For Rapprochement

Nepal Prime Minister KP Oli’s India visit has removed many misgivings of the recent past.
India’s relations with its neighboring countries is an important topic. Cover it from following perspectives:
a) Humanitarian help (Earthquake 2015)
b) Economic
c) Indian investment
d) Sharing of natural resources (rivers)
e) Power projects
f) Defense cooperation
g) India-Nepal vis-a-vis China

2. Patents and protecting public health

A new chapter on the access to medication debate in India began when Shamnad Basheer filed a public interest litigation before the Delhi High Court. The petition pointed out the importance of “working requirements” in the Patents Act, 1970; the need to amend Form 27; and the lapses by patentees in furnishing information. The importance of Form 27 on the question of access to health cannot be underestimated.

3. Scientists study ways to dim sunshine, slow global warming

Scientists plan to step up research into dimming sunshine to curb climate change, hoping to judge if a man-made chemical sunshade would be less risky than a harmful rise in global temperatures.

Research into dimming sunshine

  1. Scientists in developing nations plan to step up research into dimming sunshine to curb climate change
  2. Research into “solar geoengineering”, which would mimic big volcanic eruptions that can cool the Earth by masking the sun with a veil of ash, is now dominated by rich nations

Solar Radiation Management Governance Initiative (SRMGI)

  1. The solar geoengineering studies may be helped by a new $400,000 research project, the Solar Radiation Management Governance Initiative (SRMGI)
  2. The fund could help scientists in developing nations study regional impacts of solar geoengineering such as on droughts, floods or monsoons
  3. Among proposed ideas, planes might spray clouds of reflective sulfur particles high in the Earth’s atmosphere
  4. The SRMGI is financed by the Open Philanthropy Project

Risks involved

  1. It might disrupt weather patterns
  2. The action could be hard to stop once started
  3. It might discourage countries from making a promised switch from fossil fuels to cleaner energies

Solar geoengineering

  1. Solar radiation management (SRM or solar geoengineering) is a theoretical approach to reducing some of the impacts of climate change by reflecting a small amount of inbound sunlight back out into space
  2. It is in the early stages of research
  3. SRM would not directly reduce concentrations greenhouse gases
  4. Different SRM techniques have been proposed such as- Stratospheric aerosol injection, Marine cloud brightening
  5. Stratospheric aerosols might delay the regeneration of the ozone layer

4. Google appeals against Competition Commission of India’s ‘search bias’ verdict

Appeal against ‘abusing its dominance’ charge

  1. Online search giant Google has filed an appeal at the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT) against a judgment from India’s competition watchdog that found it guilty of “search bias”
  2. The antitrust watchdog had fined the U.S. firm ₹1.36 bn for ‘abusing’ its dominance

Background

  1. In February, the Competition Commission of India (CCI) had imposed a ₹1.36 billion fine on Google, saying it was abusing its dominance in online web search and online search advertising market
  2. The Commission found that Google, through its search design, had placed its commercial flight search function at a prominent position on the search results page to the disadvantage of businesses trying to gain market access

National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT)

  1. National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT) was constituted under Section 410 of the Companies Act, 2013 for hearing appeals against the orders of National Company Law Tribunal(s) (NCLT), with effect from 1st June 2016
  2. NCLAT is also the Appellate Tribunal for hearing appeals against the orders passed by Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India under Section 202 and Section 211 of IBC
  3. NCLAT is also the Appellate Tribunal to hear and dispose of appeals against any direction issued or decision made or order passed by the Competition Commission of India (CCI)
  4. The President of the Tribunal and the chairperson and Judicial Members of the Appellate Tribunal shall be appointed after consultation with the Chief Justice of India
  5. The Members of the Tribunal and the Technical Members of the Appellate Tribunal shall be appointed on the recommendation of a Selection Committee consisting of—(a) Chief Justice of India or his nominee—Chairperson;

    (b) a senior Judge of the Supreme Court or a Chief Justice of High Court— Member;

    (c) Secretary in the Ministry of Corporate Affairs—Member;
    (d) Secretary in the Ministry of Law and Justice—Member; and

    (e) Secretary in the Department of Financial Services in the Ministry of Finance— Member

5. Doubling of farmers’ income: Time to swing into action – Here is why

Increasing farm productivity alone will not help raise farmers’ income and may even be detrimental. the need is to diversify farmers’ sources of income.

Reference: How to double farmers’ income: Move them from being just farmers to agripreneurs

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