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Today’s important articles/news in various newspapers (17th April)

Dear aspirants, following are the links of various articles taken from various newspapers. Click the link to read further. To get notification, follow the blog. Thank you

1. War for war: On U.S. strikes on Syria

With missile strikes, the United States has irresponsibly escalated the Syrian conflict.

furious-russia-warns-trump-he-has-completely-ruined-relations

2. Raja Mandala: Nordic cool

PM Modi’s meeting with the region’s leaders could end India’s neglect of a part of the world that has punched above its weight in diplomacy.

A new trend in Indian diplomacy

  1. With his Sweden tour, PM Modi will be confirming a new trend in Indian diplomacy — collective engagement with key regional groups
  2. Earlier this year, at the annual Republic Day celebrations, the PM hosted all the 10 leaders of the Association of South East Asian Nations
  3. In 2016, the PM had invited colleagues from the Bay of Bengal littoral (BIMSTEC) to join the BRICS summit in Goa
  4. And in 2015, he hosted all leaders from Africa in Delhi

Breaking the old mould

  1. Many major powers like the US and China do take advantage of the possibilities for joint engagement with regional leaders
  2. In the past, Indian diplomacy was excessively focused on the bilateral
  3. Today, it is breaking that mould

Nordic summit

  1. India and Sweden will jointly organize the India-Nordic Summit in Stockholm
  2. The summit will also be attended by the prime ministers of Finland, Norway, Denmark and Iceland
  3. PM Modi will meet the leaders of the Nordic group — Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden — both collectively and individually

Importance of the visit

  1. India can reap significant long-term rewards if Modi’s visit can lay the foundation for a sustained engagement with a part of the world that is often called the “Norden” — or simply the north
  2. The Nordics are widely admired for their instinct for promoting peace, strengthening universal human values and more broadly for doing good

Commonalities between India & Nordic region

  1. The idea of mediating conflicts, which is very much part of India’s internal and international experience, is quite dear to the Nordics
  2. The Nordic enthusiasm for moralpolitik inevitably found great affinity with Nehruvian India
  3. At the dawn of Independence, India was deeply attracted to the Nordic claims of finding a “third way” between capitalism and socialism
  4. From the 1950s to the mid-1980s, as leaders of the neutral and non-aligned nations, India and Sweden led the campaign for nuclear arms control and disarmament

Norden’s defense & innovation ecosystem

  1. Sweden always had strong defense industry
  2. Beyond defence, there is a deep engineering talent in the Norden and the region is an impressive champion of technological innovation
  3. This fits in well with Delhi’s current hopes for igniting the innovation revolution in India

3. India ranks 10th on new Commonwealth innovation index

A new index for the Commonwealth

  1. India was today ranked 10th on a new Commonwealth Innovation Index
  2. The index was topped by the UK, Singapore, and Canada

Why new index?

  1. The index was launched as part of a new Commonwealth Innovation Hub on the sidelines of the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM)
  2. It has been created in partnership with the United Nations World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) and its annual Global Innovation Index (GII)
  3. It is aimed at providing a tool that allows member states, organizations and citizens to benchmark themselves against 53 countries of the Commonwealth

Global Innovation Fund (GIF)

  1. The Global Innovation Fund (GIF) will work as the delivery partner to host a new Commonwealth Innovation Fund (CIF)
  2. The GIF will manage the fund and its investments, which will be targeted at innovative projects across Commonwealth countries that “save and improve lives”

Work domain & corpus of the fund

  1. The CIF will deploy grant, equity, and debt investments to support innovators across the Commonwealth to accelerate the development, testing and scaling up of evidence-based and market-tested innovations
  2. The target size of the new fund, with financial commitments from member-countries, is expected to be 25 million pounds of initial funds

4. India needs 8.1 million jobs a year, says WB

‘Jobless Growth?’ report: The World Bank

  1. It is a twice-a-year report: South Asia Economic Focus (SAEF) titled ‘Jobless Growth?’
  2. According to the World Bank Report, India needs to create 8.1 million jobs a year to maintain its employment rate
  3. Every month, the working age [population] increases by 1.3 million people and
  4. India must create 8.1 million jobs a year to maintain its employment rate, which has been declining based on employment data analysed from 2005 to 2015, largely due to women leaving the job market
    On growth rate
  5. The report has projected India’s growth to accelerate to 7.3% in the current financial year
  6. It also projected the growth rate to increase further to 7.5% in the following two years
    On GST and Demonetisation
  7. The bank also said India had recovered from the withdrawal of large denomination bank notes in November 2016 and the Goods and Services Tax (GST)

Important suggestion for India

  1. The report projected India’s growth to further accelerate to 7.5% in 2019-20 and 2020-21 and said India should strive to accelerate investments and exports to take advantage of recovery in global growth

5. At home and in exile

The issue of internal migration

  1. Most of the world’s migration is internal, i.e. within the same country
  2. Among the tens of millions displaced in 2015, 21.3 million were refugees, but 40.8 million were internally displaced
  3. The implications of internal migrations will be significant for development in the areas and for the lives of the people

Climate change is forcing people to migrate

  1. With climate change consequences like droughts, effects from sea level rise and water shortages will cause many more to leave their homes and move to safer places
  2. Such migration may be a choice in the initial stages; for instance, a young member may travel to a city close by during a drought to increase his or her family’s income
  3. But as the stress becomes more severe, the decision to move may be forced
  4. The gradual rise in sea levels wherein people are compelled to leave their island nations in the Pacific and Indian Oceans and become climate exiles is one such ongoing process that will likely increase out-migration over time

“Groundswell: Preparing for Internal Climate Migration”: The World Bank report

  1. According to the report, it is estimated that in Latin America, South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa over 143 million people would be forced to move within borders by 2050 as a result of slow onset climate events alone
  2. In the worst-case scenario, about 40 million of these migrants would be in South Asia, which is the most populous of the regions studied, with a number of climate change effects anticipated

Migration for better farming conditions

  1. South Asia is characterised by rain-fed farmland in large parts of the region
  2. With variability in the monsoons and warmer temperatures, crop failures will lead to migration from the Gangetic plains and from the rice-growing northeast of Bangladesh and the inundated coasts
  3. In the pessimistic scenario, the numbers forced to move internally in South Asia are expected to increase six-fold between 2020 and 2050

What have we learned so far?

  1. The implications of these internal migrations will be significant for development in the areas and for the lives of these people
  2. Therefore, understanding migration patterns, getting better socioeconomic data on migration and preparing in advance through appropriate planning become critical
  3. The scenarios used in the Bank report could be extended to cover other time periods and could also be more localised
  4. Current climate modelling methods are not accurate at high resolutions for local decision-making, but these are expected to improve over time

What should be done?

  1. First, reducing GHG emissions is of utmost urgency
  2. Second, integrating internal migration with ongoing development planning is vital
  3. The peri-urban areas, which are expected to be hot spots, already show problems of water shortage, waste management, nutritional deficiency, limited services such as health and education, and poor infrastructure
  4. Skill building, job training and other opportunities for education and jobs for locals and migrants would also have to become a focal point

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