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Today’s important articles/news in various newspapers (8th June)

Dear aspirants, following are the links of various articles taken from various newspapers. Click the link to read further. To get notification, follow the blog. Thank you

1. India not yet ready to sign the Hague treaty

  1. The government is not yet ready to sign the Hague treaty on the inter-country abduction of children by parents fleeing a bad marriage
  2. The government has long held the view that the decision could lead to harassment of women escaping marital discord or domestic violence
  3. There has been immense pressure from the U.S. on the government to sign the treaty

Special committee says no to legislation

  1. A committee constituted by the Centre to examine legal issues involved in international parental abduction submitted its report in April, opposing a central provision of the Hague Convention
  2. It said that the criterion of habitual residence of the child, which is used to determine whether the child was wrongfully removed by a parent as well as to seek the return of the child to the country of habitual residence, was not in the best interest of the child
  3. It also recommended setting up of a Child Removal Disputes Resolution Authority to act as a nodal body to decide on the custody of the child as well as a model law to deal with such disputes
  4. The government is contemplating assigning the National Commission for Protection of Children the responsibility to adjudicate on such cases along with a judicial expert

Hague treaty on the inter-country abduction of children

  1. The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction or Hague Abduction Convention is a multilateral treaty developed by the Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH) that provides an expeditious method to return a child internationally abducted by a parent from one member country to another
  2. The Convention was drafted to ensure the prompt return of children who have been abducted from their country of habitual residence or wrongfully retained in a contracting state not their country of habitual residence
  3. The primary intention of the Convention is to preserve whatever status quo child custody arrangement existed immediately before an alleged wrongful removal or retention thereby deterring a parent from crossing international boundaries in search of a more sympathetic court
  4. The Convention applies only to children under the age of 16
  5. The Convention does not alter any substantive rights
  6. The Convention requires that a court in which a Hague Convention action is filed should not consider the merits of any underlying child custody dispute, but should determine only that country in which those issues should be heard

2. U.S. team to join Indian Ocean study

  • A team of 20 scientists, along with a key vessel of the United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), is arriving in Goa, marking the expansion of U.S.-Indian collaboration in the study of the Indian Ocean.
  • Subtle changes on the surface and deep below in the western Indian Ocean have a significant impact on weather in India in days, and in the United States, two to four weeks later.
  • Jointly collecting data on changes in the current, temperature, salinity and other parameters is a less known component of the Indo-Pacific cooperation between India and America.
  • NOAA’s ship Ronald H Brown is on a global expedition on the lines of a similar ocean expedition 50 years ago.
  • NOAA scientists will work with Indian scientists at the Second India-United States Colloquium on Earth Observations and Sciences for Society and Economy from June 11 to 13.

The Madden-Julian Oscillation

  • The phenomenon called the Madden-Julian Oscillation, discovered in the 1970s, starts when water vapor rises out of the Indian Ocean every 30 to 60 days to create a major ocean storm that travels west to east from near Seychelles off Africa toward India, crosses into the tropical Pacific Ocean and eventually affects weather patterns across America.
  • Scientists are advancing the knowledge of this phenomenon with new tools and models.
  • El Nino was also discovered after putting these buoys in the Pacific Ocean.

3. ‘Birth of Satyagraha’: Sushma travels to Pietermaritzburg

Related image

  1. xternal Affairs Minister undertook a train journey on Thursday from Pentrich to Pietermaritzburg
  2. It is a railway station in South Africa where a young Mahatma Gandhi was thrown out of a “Whites-only” compartment 125 years ago

What happened to Gandhi that led to the birth of the transformational idea  

  1. On the night of June 7, 1893, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, then a young lawyer, was thrown off the train’s first class compartment at Pietermaritzburg station after he refused to give up his seat as ordered by racially prejudiced officials
  2. The incident led him to develop his Satyagraha principles of peaceful resistance and mobilize people in South Africa and in India against the discriminatory rules of the British

4. DAC approves procurement of radars, air cushion vehicles

Defence Procurement Procedure

  • Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP)-2016 came into effect from April 2016 and focuses on institutionalising, streamlining and simplifying defence procurement procedure to give a boost to Make in India initiative of the Government of India, by promoting indigenous design, development and manufacturing of defence equipment, platforms, systems and sub-systems.
  • The key features of revised DPP, promoting Make in India include:
    1. A new category of procurement ‘Buy {Indian-IDDM (Indigenously Designed, Developed and Manufactured)}’ had been introduced in Defence Procurement Procedure-2016 and the same has been accorded top most priority for procurement of capital equipment.
    2. Preference has been accorded to ‘Buy (Indian)’ and ‘Buy and Make (Indian)’ categories of capital acquisition over ‘Buy (Global)’ & ‘Buy & Make (Global)’ categories.
    3. Requirement of Indigenous content has been enhanced/rationalised for various categories of capital acquisition.
    4. The ‘Make’ Procedure has been simplified with provisions for funding of 90 % of development cost by the government to Indian industry and reserving projects not exceeding development cost of Rs. 10 crores (government funded) and Rs. 3 crores (industry funded) for MSMEs.

Radars

  • The radars will provide long-range medium and high-altitude radar cover with the capability to detect and track high-speed targets following parabolic trajectories.
  • Technologically superior, the radars will have the capability to scan 360 degrees without mechanical rotation of Antenna and will operate on a 24×7 basis with minimal maintenance requirement.

ACVs

  • In the other deal, air cushion vehicles (ACVs are designed to travel close to but above ground or water) to be procured from an Indian shipyard will enable travel at very high speeds over shallow water, sand banks, mud flats and swamps which are non-navigable by boats and small crafts due to draught restrictions or uncharted depths.

Background

  • The DAC meeting, chaired by Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, was scheduled to discuss the broad contours of the Navy’s ambitious project to build six advanced submarines under the multi-billion P-75 (I) programme.

5. Green good deed for the day

Protecting the environment should not be the government’s business alone.

India has been attracting adverse comments on issues related to the environment — for valid as well as wrong reasons. The country has received bad press for its failure to check air pollution. It has also been said that environmental degradation costs India $80 billion per year or roughly 5.7 per cent of its economy. Disadvantaged groups are more vulnerable to climate change.

6. A test and a chance: why SCO matters

The SCO’s main objective of working cooperatively against the “three evils” of terrorism, separatism, and extremism sits well with New Delhi’s interests. Indeed, the SCO summit gives India an opportunity to showcase the kind of power it wants to be.

Ten years on, India will attend the SCO summit in Qingdao, China, on June 9-10 as a full member. Both India and Pakistan were admitted to the grouping at its summit in Astana, Kazakhstan, last June. From then to now, world politics has undergone several tectonic shifts, old assumptions have been challenged, and new variables have entered the mix.

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