“Congress places on record its admiration of the bravery and sacrifice of Bhagat Singh, Sukh Dev and Raj Guru and mourns with their bereaved families the loss of these lives.”
This was the declaration of the Congress Party in the Karachi Session, regarding the hanging of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, and Rajguru, in 1931. The history of Indian revolutionaries and their contribution to India’s fight for independence play as important a role as that of the non-violence movement practiced by Mahatma Gandhi and his supporters.
May 15, 1907, marks the birth of one such great revolutionary, Sukhdev, whose name has been instilled in the history of the war of Indian Independence, along with Bhagat Singh and Rajguru.
- Since his childhood days, Sukhdev witnessed the brutal atrocities that the Imperial British Raj had inflicted on India, which then led him to join the revolutionaries, vowing to set India free from the shackles of British dominion
- Sukhdev Thapar was a member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA), and organised revolutionary cells in Punjab and other areas of North India
- A devoted leader, he even went on to educate the youth at the National College in Lahore, greatly inspiring them about India’s glorious past
- Sukhdev, along with other renowned revolutionaries, started the Naujawan Bharat Sabha at Lahore — an organisation involved in various activities, mainly gearing the youth for the freedom struggle and putting an end to communalism
- Sukhdev himself took active part in several revolutionary activities like the Prison hunger strike in 1929; however, he would always be remembered in the chronicles of the Indian Freedom Movement for his daring yet courageous attacks in the Lahore Conspiracy Case that shook the very foundation of the British government
- After the Central Assembly Hall bombings in New Delhi, Sukhdev and his accomplices were arrested and convicted of their crime, facing the death sentence as verdict
- On March 23, 1931, the three brave revolutionaries, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru were hanged, whilst their bodies were secretly cremated on the banks of the River Sutlej.
- Sukhdev Thapar was just 24 years old when he became a martyr for his country.