Agriculture, GS-3

Zero-Budget Natural Farming

Addressing the United Nations conference on desertification (COP-14), Indian PM told the global community that India is focusing on Zero-Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF). ZBNF was also highlighted in budget 2019 in the bid to double farmer's income by 2022. However, scientists from the National Academy of Agricultural Sciencessuggested that there is no need for the government to promote ZBNF unless there… Continue reading Zero-Budget Natural Farming

Agriculture, Environment, GS-3

Explained: How world is losing fertile land

The UNCCD meeting takes place every two years and the ongoing one in Greater Noida is the 14th such meeting. Since this meeting is taking place in India this time so it becomes significant for UPSC. Why is desertification a concern? A variety of factors, both natural and human-induced, are known to be affecting the… Continue reading Explained: How world is losing fertile land

Agriculture, GS-3, Uncategorized

Focus on Small Towns to Generate Rural Jobs

Context Union Budget 2019-20 included several initiatives to diversify India’s stagnating rural economy, such as: Setting up of 100 new rural artisanal clusters 80 livelihood incubators and 20 technology business incubators to train 75,0000 entrepreneurs in agribusiness skills Formation of 10,000 new farmer producer organisations Thrust to improve connectivity by upgrading 1,25,000 km new roads, under the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana… Continue reading Focus on Small Towns to Generate Rural Jobs

Agriculture, GS-3, Uncategorized

Transforming Agriculture

Context On 1st July 2019, Prime Minister had set up a High Powered Committee of Chief Ministers for ‘Transformation of Indian Agriculture’. The nine-member committee, headed by Maharashtra’s Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis, is formed to suggest policy measures, attract investments and raise growth in food processing. Its terms of reference (ToR) pertain largely to matters related to agri-markets. This includes reforming the Agricultural… Continue reading Transforming Agriculture

Agriculture, GS-3, Uncategorized

Solution to India’s Water Crisis

Context According to the Composite Water Management Index (CWMI) report released by the NITI Aayog in 2018, 21 major cities (Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai, Hyderabad and others) are racing to reach zero groundwater levels by 2020, affecting access for 100 million people.The CWMI report also states that by 2030, the country's water demand is projected to be twice the available… Continue reading Solution to India’s Water Crisis

Agriculture, GS-3, Uncategorized

Power Subsidy in Agriculture and Related Issue

Context There has been a sharp growth in electricity use in the agriculture sector, especially since the 1980s with consumption rising from 8% of total consumption in 1969 to 17% in 2016. This is supplied either free or at subsidised rates, and a large part of it is not metered. There is a strong linkage between electricity, water… Continue reading Power Subsidy in Agriculture and Related Issue

Agriculture, GS-3, Science & Tech, Uncategorized

Annadata to Urjadata

Recently, the minister of the state of agriculture admitted that current policies will fall short of the goal of doubling farmer's income by 2022. In this context, the narrative of turning Annadata (farmer) into Urjadata (producer of solar power) as highlighted by Finance Minister in Budget 2019, can provide multidimensional benefits. Doubling the Farmer's Income. Indian PM in… Continue reading Annadata to Urjadata

Agriculture, Essay, Uncategorized

Material for Essay Topic: Agriculture

Essay Topic: Agriculture Quotes on Agriculture ●        “Agriculture is the most Healthful, most useful and most Noble Employment of Man.” - George Washington ●        “Everything can wait, but not Agriculture.” - Jawaharlal Nehru ●        “The discovery of agriculture was the first big step toward a civilized life.” - Arthur Keith ●        “Agriculture is civilization.” -… Continue reading Material for Essay Topic: Agriculture

Agriculture, GS-3, Uncategorized

Everything about Indian Farming and Agriculture

Indian Agriculture: A brief Outlook Agriculture accounted for 14% of India’s GDP in 2016-17 and provided employment to more than half a billion people. The share of Agriculture in employment is close to 54% as on 2016-17. Indian Agriculture is dominated by the small-scale farming and is characterised by low productivity. The average size of… Continue reading Everything about Indian Farming and Agriculture

Agriculture, GS-3, Science & Tech, Uncategorized

Everything about GM crops!

What is genetic modification (GM) of crops and how is it done? GM is a technology that involves inserting DNA into the genome of an organism. To produce a GM plant, new DNA is transferred into plant cells. Usually, the cells are then grown in tissue culture where they develop into plants. The seeds produced… Continue reading Everything about GM crops!