District collector vs District Magistrate vs District Judge

The position of District Collector was created by Warren Hastings in 1772. The main functions of the district collector were to supervise general administration, to collect land revenue and to maintain law and order in the district. He was the head of the revenue organization. He was responsible for registration, alteration, and partition of holdings;… Continue reading District collector vs District Magistrate vs District Judge


Questions about International Relations

Can India's International North-South Transport Corridor be a counter to China's Belt and Road Initiative? The International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC) is not a counter to China's Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). INSTC was conceived long before BRI came into picture. INSTC is a join initiative taken by India, Russia and Iran.  The ‘Inter-Governmental Agreement… Continue reading Questions about International Relations

Agriculture, GS-3, Uncategorized

Focus on Small Towns to Generate Rural Jobs

Context Union Budget 2019-20 included several initiatives to diversify India’s stagnating rural economy, such as: Setting up of 100 new rural artisanal clusters 80 livelihood incubators and 20 technology business incubators to train 75,0000 entrepreneurs in agribusiness skills Formation of 10,000 new farmer producer organisations Thrust to improve connectivity by upgrading 1,25,000 km new roads, under the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana… Continue reading Focus on Small Towns to Generate Rural Jobs

GS-2, Uncategorized

The collegium system

The collegium system The collegium system for appointment of judges to higher judiciary only came into existence following the Supreme Court’s judgment in what is known as the Second Judges Case (1993). Constituent assembly gave a central role to the Judiciary: These issues concerning the system employed to appoint judges to the Supreme Court and… Continue reading The collegium system

GS-2, Indian Polity, Public Admin 2, Uncategorized

Forging the steel frame

Introduction The Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration was simply called the Academy of Administration when it was set up in 1959 in Mussoorie. It signalled a resolve to systematically train members of the higher civil services in order to equip them to be the change agents of a resurgent India. The two All-India Services, the Indian Administrative… Continue reading Forging the steel frame

GS-2, Uncategorized

Democratic Decentralisation in India

Context 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments, by constitutionally establishing Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) in India, mandated the establishment of panchayats and municipalities as elected local governments. They devolved a range of powers and responsibilities to the local governments and made them accountable to the people for their implementation, but very little actual progress has been made in this direction even… Continue reading Democratic Decentralisation in India

GS-3, Internal security, Uncategorized

Source to cover the security portion of GS3 for 2019?

The best source to cover security portion of GS 3 in UPSC CSE Mains 2019 : 1. In the light of NIA (Amd) BILL discuss critically the salient features of the National Investigation Agency (NIA) regarding its purposes and jurisdiction. The National Investigation Agency (Amendment) Bill, 2019 2. What are Central Armed forces? What are the problems… Continue reading Source to cover the security portion of GS3 for 2019?

GS-1, Social Issue, Uncategorized

Beyond Gender Binaries

Context: A judgment made by the Madras High Court and an order issued by the government of Tamil Nadu aims to protect the freedom of intersex infants and children to choose their gender identity. The Court Verdict: A trans-woman and her husband had approached the Madurai Bench of the Madras High Court with a plea to instruct authorities to register their marriage. In April,… Continue reading Beyond Gender Binaries

GS-4, Uncategorized

Case Study : Duty versus Morality

You are posted as an SDM in a division of district which is undergoing ethnic turbulence since sometime. There has been a substantial loss of lives and property due to the disturbance, following which you are given implicit orders by the ruling party of the area to move a certain section of population, belonging to… Continue reading Case Study : Duty versus Morality