GS-3, Uncategorized

How Markets Can Serve Climate

The United Nations Climate Change Conference, 2019 which will be held in Madrid, Spain in December, has the challenge of deciding how markets can be deployed to deal with climate change. Also known as Conference of the Parties (COP), it is the 25th UN Climate Change Conference (COP25). The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), a product of the Kyoto Protocol, is one such market instrument that can help the industry as… Continue reading How Markets Can Serve Climate

Environment, GS-3, Uncategorized

UN Climate Action Summit 2019

Recently, the UN Secretary-General called all the member states at the UN Climate Action Summit 2019 held in New York, US. The summit expects members states to lay realistic plans to enhance their contributions to climate change mitigation. The Paris climate deal provides a framework to stop climate disruption and reverse its impact. However, the voluntary nature of… Continue reading UN Climate Action Summit 2019

Environment, GS-3, Uncategorized

United Nations Climate Action Summit

Context United Nations Climate Action Summit was held in New York. It was convened to identify urgent and concrete solutions to climate change. Mr. Modi’s speech It covered four important aspects of India’s climate action — the push for renewable energy, electric mobility, mixing of biofuel to reduce consumption of fossil fuels, and the Jal… Continue reading United Nations Climate Action Summit

Agriculture, Environment, GS-3

Explained: How world is losing fertile land

The UNCCD meeting takes place every two years and the ongoing one in Greater Noida is the 14th such meeting. Since this meeting is taking place in India this time so it becomes significant for UPSC. Why is desertification a concern? A variety of factors, both natural and human-induced, are known to be affecting the… Continue reading Explained: How world is losing fertile land

Environment, GS-3

A case for a differential global carbon tax

Introduction Climate change is a global problem, and a global problem needs a global solution. The most recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report suggests that we, as humankind, might have just over a decade left to limit global warming. The IPCC says total global emissions will need to fall by 45% from 2010 levels… Continue reading A case for a differential global carbon tax

Environment, GS-3, Uncategorized

Climate Change and Land

Context Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) recently, on 8th August, released Special Report on Climate Change and Land (SRCCL) which finds that we must dramatically change the way we use land to limit global warming to safe levels by 2030. It is alarmed about the degrading land resources globally and its impact on furthering negative effects of climate change. It… Continue reading Climate Change and Land

Environment, GS-3, Uncategorized

Putting a global price on carbon: Carbon Tax

WHAT’S A CARBON TAX, AND HOW DOES IT REDUCE EMISSIONS? A carbon dioxide tax is a tax on businesses and industries that produce carbon dioxide through their operations. The tax is designed to reduce the output of greenhouse gases and carbon dioxide, a colorless and odorless incombustible gas, into the atmosphere. The tax is imposed with… Continue reading Putting a global price on carbon: Carbon Tax

GS-2, International Relations, Uncategorized

India signs agreement with IBRD

The Government of India and the World Bank have signed a US$ 9.2 million grant agreement under the World Bank-Global Environment Facility (GEF) Program for the Efficient and Sustainable City Bus Service Project to improve the efficiency and attractiveness of bus services in select Indian cities. Key facts: The project will demonstrate low cost high… Continue reading India signs agreement with IBRD

Environment, GS-3, Uncategorized

Renewables are not enough

Article Link Summary: World leaders, on April 22, ratified the global climate agreement reached in Paris last December. The agreement requires 195 countries to limit global warming to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels, with the goal of not exceeding 1.5°C. The countries have also committed to “intended nationally determined contributions” (INDCs) to limit or… Continue reading Renewables are not enough

Agriculture, Environment, GS-3, Uncategorized

Insure farmers against climate change

The Hindu Issue How India’s agricultural policy has made us structurally vulnerable to climate change? India, a climate change hotspot India is uniquely vulnerable to rising temperatures — it ranks in the top 20 in the Climate Change Vulnerability Index. Our average surface temperature, over the past four decades, has risen by 0.3° Celsius, accompanied… Continue reading Insure farmers against climate change