Agriculture, Environment, GS-3

Explained: How world is losing fertile land

The UNCCD meeting takes place every two years and the ongoing one in Greater Noida is the 14th such meeting. Since this meeting is taking place in India this time so it becomes significant for UPSC. Why is desertification a concern? A variety of factors, both natural and human-induced, are known to be affecting the… Continue reading Explained: How world is losing fertile land

Environment, GS-3

A case for a differential global carbon tax

Introduction Climate change is a global problem, and a global problem needs a global solution. The most recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report suggests that we, as humankind, might have just over a decade left to limit global warming. The IPCC says total global emissions will need to fall by 45% from 2010 levels… Continue reading A case for a differential global carbon tax

Environment, GS-3, Uncategorized

A New Ethics for a Sustainable Planet

In the background of recurring natural calamities, it is required to formulate a new sustainable policy for the future of the planet. Natural Calamities: Brazil’s Amazon forests are ablaze with dozens of fires. Most of them were set intentionally by loggers and others seeking greater access to forest land. The fires are paving the way for a global climate catastrophe. How… Continue reading A New Ethics for a Sustainable Planet

Environment, GS-3, Uncategorized

Environmental Conservation with Grassroot Governance

Context Flood and landslides (Kerala) of 2018 caused huge financial losses and the same repeated in 2019. Considering the above scenario, powers and responsibilities conferred on citizens under provisions such as the 73rd and 74th Amendments to the Constitution, and the Biological Diversity Act, 2002 are being sidelined. Background The Western Ghats are regarded as one of the eight ‘hottest’ biodiversity hotspots in the… Continue reading Environmental Conservation with Grassroot Governance

Environment, GS-3, Uncategorized

A bottom-up approach to conservation

Issue: The 2018 floods and landslides in Kerala that caused huge financial losses and manifold human tragedies were thought of as a once-in-a-century calamity, and that normalcy will return soon. Further, the probability of two such back-to-back events was only 1 in 10,000. Hence, in 2019, a repeat of the shocking train of intense floods,… Continue reading A bottom-up approach to conservation

Environment, GS-3, Uncategorized

Climate Change and Land

Context Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) recently, on 8th August, released Special Report on Climate Change and Land (SRCCL) which finds that we must dramatically change the way we use land to limit global warming to safe levels by 2030. It is alarmed about the degrading land resources globally and its impact on furthering negative effects of climate change. It… Continue reading Climate Change and Land

Environment, GS-3, Uncategorized

Living Planet Report 2018: by WWF

CHAPTER 1- WHY BIODIVERSITY MATTERS? The importance of nature in our lives Humans have evolved, grown and thrived, in nature. Modern human society needs the resources of nature to thrive. Perception that nature is ‘nice to have’ and its protection is secondary to the more important tasks of increasing economic growth, creating jobs, enhancing the… Continue reading Living Planet Report 2018: by WWF

Environment, GS-3, Uncategorized

Putting a global price on carbon: Carbon Tax

WHAT’S A CARBON TAX, AND HOW DOES IT REDUCE EMISSIONS? A carbon dioxide tax is a tax on businesses and industries that produce carbon dioxide through their operations. The tax is designed to reduce the output of greenhouse gases and carbon dioxide, a colorless and odorless incombustible gas, into the atmosphere. The tax is imposed with… Continue reading Putting a global price on carbon: Carbon Tax

Environment, GS-3, Uncategorized

New conservation rules may soon apply to wetlands. What are they?

The Draft Wetland (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2016, which seek to replace the older Wetland (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2010, are open for public comments until today, May 31. The new Rules have been proposed at a time when several petitions on the implementation of the 2010 Rules are pending at the National Green Tribunal… Continue reading New conservation rules may soon apply to wetlands. What are they?

Environment, GS-3, Uncategorized

Eco-sensitive Zone

The concept of Eco-sensitive Zone is to conserve biodiversity and endangered wildlife and protect environment around the protected areas such as National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries, as a ‘safety zone’ without impeding legitimate socio-economic development of the area and also providing adequate opportunities for livelihood security of the local people. An ‘Eco-sensitive Zone’ is notified… Continue reading Eco-sensitive Zone