GS-2, Indian Polity, Public Admin 2, Uncategorized

A test for judicial review in India

Context The United Kingdom Supreme Court in its judgment has decided that the prorogation of parliament by the Queen of England, acting on the advice of the Privy Council, was unlawful on the grounds of parliamentary sovereignty and democratic accountability. By doing so, the U.K. Supreme Court asserted its majesty in the constitutional framework and… Continue reading A test for judicial review in India

Uncategorized

District collector vs District Magistrate vs District Judge

The position of District Collector was created by Warren Hastings in 1772. The main functions of the district collector were to supervise general administration, to collect land revenue and to maintain law and order in the district. He was the head of the revenue organization. He was responsible for registration, alteration, and partition of holdings;… Continue reading District collector vs District Magistrate vs District Judge

GS-2, Uncategorized

The collegium system

The collegium system The collegium system for appointment of judges to higher judiciary only came into existence following the Supreme Court’s judgment in what is known as the Second Judges Case (1993). Constituent assembly gave a central role to the Judiciary: These issues concerning the system employed to appoint judges to the Supreme Court and… Continue reading The collegium system

GS-2, Public Admin 2, Uncategorized

Judicial Pendency: “Justice Delayed”

Context According to the Economic Survey 2018-19 There are about 3.5 crore cases pending in the judicial system, especially in district and subordinate courts. About 87.54 per cent of the total pendency of cases is in the district and subordinate courts. More than 64% of all cases are pending for more than 1 year. The average disposal time for civil and… Continue reading Judicial Pendency: “Justice Delayed”

Editorials, GS-2, Indian Polity, Uncategorized

The judiciary is shifting the balance of power

Summary: Judiciary, in recent years, is increasingly being criticized for actively encroaching on the powers of legislative and executive authorities. “The judiciary has appropriated for itself a role far beyond its primary duties of dispensing justice and interpreting laws”, claim few parliamentarians. Few experts also claim, “step by step, brick by brick, the edifice of… Continue reading The judiciary is shifting the balance of power

Editorials, GS-2, Indian Polity, Uncategorized

Diffusing the judicial burden

Article Link Summary: The Supreme Court of India, as the highest court of the land, has a sacrosanct function to ensure that the country is governed adhering to the principles of the rule of law. It has evolved remarkably well, steering the country through thick and thin. It also has had a tremendous contribution to… Continue reading Diffusing the judicial burden

Editorials, GS-2, Indian Polity, Uncategorized

Govt. cautions judiciary on NCA

National Court of Appeal (NCA) Already discussed, refer the following articles in the same sequence:- Constitution Bench to decide on National Court of Appeal Not a court of everyday appeal Additional Points Why NCA is a good idea: 1. The Supreme Court will maintain its place as the apex court of land and – like… Continue reading Govt. cautions judiciary on NCA

GS-2, Indian Polity, Public Admin 2, Uncategorized

Court-monitored CBI probes: Is judiciary overstepping its brief?

Observation made by Parliamentary Committee — Parliamentary committee has raised a question on increasing number of court-monitored CBI probes. It states apex courts have started performing the functions of the lowest rung of criminal justice system, taking over the role of a magistrate. At present, many high-profile cases like 2G spectrum case, Vyapam Scam, Coal… Continue reading Court-monitored CBI probes: Is judiciary overstepping its brief?

GS-2, Indian Polity, Public Admin 2, Uncategorized

Story of Delayed Justice

India faces 23% deficit of judges across all courts: India is short of almost 5,000 judges, leading to delayed judgments and pending cases in courts, an IndiaSpend analysis of data has found. The average ratio of cases per judge in India, based on the sanctioned strength of judges in the Supreme Court (SC), the high… Continue reading Story of Delayed Justice