GS-2, Uncategorized

Democratic Decentralisation in India

Context 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments, by constitutionally establishing Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) in India, mandated the establishment of panchayats and municipalities as elected local governments. They devolved a range of powers and responsibilities to the local governments and made them accountable to the people for their implementation, but very little actual progress has been made in this direction even… Continue reading Democratic Decentralisation in India

Editorials, GS-2, Indian Polity, Public Admin 2, Uncategorized

Towards directly elected and empowered mayors

Recently a private member’s bill was introduced in the parliament to provide for direct election, and empowerment of the office, of mayors in large Indian cities. Why elect mayors directly? Multiple civic agencies currently make it impossible to hold them accountable for the irregularities. A Mayor is responsible for governance and remains accountable to citizens.… Continue reading Towards directly elected and empowered mayors

Editorials, GS-2, Uncategorized

Reaching the last village

Indian Express As per the 2011 Census, there are 6,40,930 villages in India, of which around 6,00,000 can be regarded as inhabited. Census’s definition of urban area: If a settlement is under a municipality, corporation, cantonment board or a notified town area committee, it becomes a statutory town and is hence urban. Another definition of… Continue reading Reaching the last village

Editorials, GS-2, Indian Polity, Uncategorized

True Panchayati Raj

Context Government wants meaningful self-governance at the grassroots level How the government intends to do it Strengthening gram panchayats and a belief in 3D’s – decentralisation, devolution and development Issue States are asking for more powers which is rightly so, but the states are less interested in giving powers to the local bodies along with… Continue reading True Panchayati Raj

Editorials, GS-3, Indian Economy, Public Admin 2, Uncategorized

Municipal Bonds

What is Municipal Bonds? Municipal bonds (also known as munis) are debt vehicles issued by state and local governments to finance their operations and fund municipal projects. Debt instrument may be a perplexing term, but think of municipal bonds as loans from lenders to state and local governments. In the case of municipal bonds, many… Continue reading Municipal Bonds