PMKSY envisages amalgamation of ongoing schemes:
- Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) of the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation (MoWR RD & GR)
- Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) of Department of Land Resources (DoLR)
- On Farm Water Management (OFWM) of Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC)
- Ministry of Rural Development- Mainly undertake rain water conservation, construction of farm pond, water harvesting structures, small check dams and contour bunding etc.
- MoWR RD & GR- Undertake various measures for creation of assured irrigation source, construction of diversion canals, field channels, water diversion/lift irrigation, including development of water distribution systems
- Ministry of Agriculture- Promote efficient water conveyance and precision water application devices like drips, sprinklers, pivots, rain-guns in the farm “(Jal Sinchan)”, construction of micro-irrigation structures to supplement source creation activities, extension activities for promotion of scientific moisture conservation and agronomic measures
- Achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level
- Har Khet ko pani- Expand cultivable area under assured irrigation
- More crop per drop- Improve on-farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage of water & enhance the adoption of precision-irrigation and other water saving technologies
- Enhance recharge of aquifers and introduce sustainable water conservation practices by exploring the feasibility of reusing treated municipal based water for peri-urban agriculture
- Attract greater private investment in precision irrigation system.
#1. Financial outlay- Rs. 50,000 crore over a period of five years (2015-16 to 2019-20)
#2. Bringing under a common platform- all the concerned Agencies engaged in creation/ use/ recycling/ potential recycling of water
This will ensure that a comprehensive and holistic view of the entire “water cycle” is taken into account and proper water budgeting is done for all sectors namely, household, agriculture and industries
#3. Decentralized State level planning and execution structure
- This will allow states to draw up a District Irrigation Plan (DIP) and a State Irrigation Plan (SIP)
- DIP will have holistic developmental perspective of the district, outlining medium to long term developmental plans
- DIP will integrate three components namely, water sources, distribution network and water use application
- These will be prepared at two levels- the block and the district
#4. Geotagging- All structures created under the schemes will be geotagged
#1. National Steering Committee (NSC):
- It will supervise and monitor the programme at the national level
- This is an Inter-Ministerial committee under the Chairmanship of the Prime
- Minister with Union Ministers of all concerned Ministries
#2. National Executive Committee (NEC):
- It will oversee programme implementation, allocation of resources, inter-ministerial coordination, monitoring and performance assessment, addressing administrative issues etc.
- To be constituted under the Chairmanship of the Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog
#3. State Level Sanctioning Committee (SLSC):
- It will administer the scheme at the state level
- It will be Chaired by the Chief Secretary of the respective States
- It will have all authority to sanction the project and also monitor the progress of the scheme
#4. District Level Implementation Committee: At the district level; for ensuring last mile coordination at the field level
Now it’s time to solve some IAS prelims questions
- Consider the following statements: (IAS 2015)1. The Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme was launched during 1996-97 to provide loan assistance to poor farmers.
2. The Command Area Development Programme was launched in 1974-75 for the development of water-use efficiency.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
|consider following pairs:
|1. Drought-Prone Area Programme
|2. Desert Development Programme
||of Environment and Forests
|3. National Watershed Development Project for Rainfed Areas
||of Rural Development
Which of the above pairs are correctly matched? (IAS 2014)
- 1 and 2 only
- 3 only
- 1, 2 and 3
- What are the benefits of implementing the ‘Integrated Watershed Development Programme’? (IAS 2014)
- Prevention of soil runoff
- Linking the country’s perennial rivers with seasonal rivers
- Rainwater harvesting and recharge of ground water table
- Regeneration of natural vegetation
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
- 1 and 2 only
- 2, 3 and 4 only
- 1, 3 and 4 only
- 1, 2, 3 and 4
- With reference to micro-irrigation, which of the following statements is/are correct? (IAS 2011)
- Fertilizer/nutrient loss can be reduced
- It is the only means of irrigation in dry land farming.
- In some areas of farming, receding of ground water table can be checked.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(a.) 1 only (b.) 2 and 3 only (c.) 1 and 3 only (d.) 1, 2 and 3